Campaign on CoP

Today November 23 2017, Civil Society leaders have meet a press conference on post CoP 23 latest outcome and urged government to be prepared for next Facilitative Dialogue start in January 2018. They also recommended to present strong historical and current evidence-base context in receiving of global support on MVC’s Issues (Adaptation and Loss & Damage financing) in the discourse of political phase (participation of ministers of the parties) under this Facilitative Dialogue.
The Press conference titled “CoP 23 Outcome: Govt. Must be Prepared with strong evidence-base context for Next Facilitative Dialogue 2018 under CoP 24” held at Dhaka Reporters Unity where Dr. Atiq Rahaman of BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advance Study), Mr. Quamrul Islam Chowdhury (Forum on Environmental Journalist, Bangladesh-FEJB) and Md. Motahar Hossen (Climate Journalist Forum-CJF) have participated and spoke. Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from EquityBD has moderate the press conference and briefing note on CoP outcome is presented by Aminul Hoque.
Briefing on the CoP outcome, Aminul Hoque said that CoP has made only successful progress especially to design the format and its principle of participation of upcoming Facilitative Dialogue 2018 that created scope for Bangladesh to present the story and build empathy & trust (Ref; CoP 23 official Deceleration, Annex II “Approach Talanoa Dialogue”). So our government should take this opportunities and present strong evidence-base on historical and current context to draw global attention and favor support in Financing and Technologies for MVCs survival through adaptation and resilient building.
Mr. Quamrul Islam Chowdhury said that CoP 23 in fact failure to reach with an appropriate framework for Loss and Damage and financing issues which is long standing issue for MVCs. The latest CoP decision in fact deferred the MVCs interest and expectations. However, we have to do intellectual work with this issue to show the capacity for access in finance and Loss & Damage.
Md. Motahar Hossen said that upcoming Facilitative Dialogue has structured with three generic topics for discourse those are i. Who are we? Ii. Where do we want to go? and iii. How do we get there? So government should prepare accordingly with evidence-base for next CoP, but doing this in prior, inclusive dialogue with different level stakeholder is must at national level developing country position.
Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that this is good to progress made in CoP 23 on agriculture and gender action but less progress in global issues like temperature goal. This is also good sign that Bangladesh has re-elected four working group in CoP. Next facilitative dialogue is a chance for BD to get effective result and further need to work intensively.
Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said that Bangladesh has been participating in CoP but less preparation officially. This has been observing since last couple of years where it’s difficult to assess country position and also difficult for CSOs to paly appropriate pro-government role in CoP. Less coordination between govt. delegation and Bangladeshi CSOs also now wider. So we urge to govt. to look on this issue giving very importance for next CoP-24. Apart govt. should ensure accountability of those are participating in CoP holding govt. delegation badge but didn’t play any contribution for govt.
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Today November 15 2017, in CoP 23 Global Climate Negotiation in Bonn, Civil Society leaders have meet a press conference and demanded for positive role from developed countries to make the Paris Agreement effective in post 2020 period lowering global temperature. The also demand to ensure pre and post 2020 financial support in paying their obligatory responsibility to survive of MVCs (Most Vulnerable Countries) through adaptation and resilient building.
The Press conference titled “MVC & LDC’s Peoples’ Interest and CoP 23” held at the meeting room 02 in Bonn climate conference center. Dr. Hasan Mahmud (Honorable MP and Chair parliamentary standing Committee on Ministry of Forest & Environment, Bangladesh), Dr Atiq Rahaman (Bangladesh Centre for Advance Study-BCAS), Md. Ziaul Hoque Mukta (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood-CSRL) from Bangladesh, Mr. Soumya Datta (Energy & Climate Group-India) and Hemantha Withanage (Centre for Environmental Justice) from Sri Lanka have participated. The key note is presented by Aminul Hoque (EquityBD) from Bangladesh.
Presenting of key demand, Aminul Hoque said that the bleak ongoing performance and progress on CoP 23 negotiation is frustrated for us and there have no particular interest especially on long term finance through public sources and ensuring technical support for MVC and LDCs (Least Developed Countries) those are most vulnerable. He condemned developed country Parties for submitting the LDCs draft conclusions to CoP without any discussion and negotiation. Refereeing the above concerns, he asked to develop country parties to play their positive role in achieving the Paris Agreement following the principle of CBDRRC “Common But Differentiate Responsibility and Respected Capacity”.
Mr. Soumya said that making the rulebook on implementing the Paris Agreement is very much inadequate and itself flout. If we want really a transformative changes, the finance is crucial. But the rich countries are playing a dirty game, because the US$100 billion dream is not coming anywhere yet and leveraging the private finance to make burden for MVC & LDCs in the name of climate finance. So it’s better to start repent the financing agreement and its process. The rulebook talks a lot about reporting, verification and review, but these cannot be productive until it owned by the rich countries that finance is really need to lowering global temperature.
Dr. Atiq Rahaman said climate impacts are growing in South Asian countries. In last six month of this year, Bangladesh has faced three consecutive natural disaster and experiencing huge loss and damage on agriculture and now become a food import country. Poor are paying the price and rich are not paying. In the clear evidence on climate impact, Paris Agreement is appeared a loose contract and the rulebook has tried to make effective and we hope that developed countries will do it must to save the earth and people as because leaders are there now.

Dr. Hasan Mahmud said that in fact we are not really satisfied on CoP outcome every year and even we are now struggling to Paris Agreement effective despite as a loose agreement indeed, but honestly said that the progress is not impressive. In case financing, GCF progress is frustrating and less than 10% of fund available for countries but access is very difficult for us those demand for adaptation. Climate induce displacement and migration issue is lost in the climate talk. So voice from the civil society is louder that must be heard by the global leaders and off course create an impact.
Hemantha said that Every time we come to the CoP with lot of hope but back to the home losing all our expectations. In this CoP, we are seeing the rich countries paying a very bad game. In case Loss & Damage financing USA, Australia and European Countries has been oppose many of these action and deferred to 2019. That’s why we worried to suffering with many climatic hazard in South Asian countries. So it needed to immediate decision on financial support under a dedicated financial mechanism for addressing loss and damage. We support Maldives representing AOSIS, calling for operationalizing the WIM so that it fulfills its original vision and delivers for people on the ground.
In moderating the press conference, Mr. Ziaul Haque Mukta said that developed countries has denied the pre 2020 ambition commitment (implementation of 2nd commitment of Kyoto Protocol) and in fact evaded their responsibility that is frustrating. We demand to polluters to reduce their emission immediately.
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Today November 08 2017, in CoP 23 Global Climate Negotiation in Bonn, CSOs (Civil Society Organizations), Development agencies, Rights Activist have meet a dialogue in CoP 23 side event programs and demand stronger action to ensure rights and dignity for climate induced displaced people and cross border migration. They also expect that the newly formed “Task Force for Displacement” will play their role to design appropriate framework to address the climate displacement issue.

The seminar has jointly organize by COAST Trust Bangladesh, OXFAM International and NRC (Norwegian Refugee Council) and held following the title “Uprooted by Climate change: Responding to the growing risk of displacement” at the meeting room 07 in Bon global climate conference, where CSOs, International & national level development agencies and rights activist form different countries have participated. The dialogue is moderated by Mr. Atle Solberg of PDD (Platform of Disaster Displacement) and OXFAM international has presented a briefing paper on climate displacement issues. Among others Mrs. Nina Birkeland (Advisor, NRC), Aminul Hoque from EquityBD and Jahangir Hossen Masum from CDP, Bangladesh spoke in the dialogue.

Presenting the briefing paper on Displacement, Mr. Simon said that, during the period of 2008-16 more than 24 million people displaced from lower income countries and 0.8 million from developed countries. This is happened due to changing the climate that increased devastative sudden onset event like hurricane in USA as well as slow onset events like sea level rise, drought in mostly south Asia and African countries. He made the example showing case of Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Kiribati and recommended for stronger action towards ending global climate pollution, supporting resilient communities, ensuring rights for people on the move, and developing long-term strategies to ensure those who are forced to move in future are able to do so safely and with dignity.

Mr. Aminul Hoque said that Bangladesh has been experiencing average 1.2 million internal displacement yearly and last six month in 2017, at least 0.8 million people have been displaced internally where around 10-15% of this displaced are unable to back their home due to damage the habitat permanently. Apart, increasing climatic impact fall our government in financial deficit in long term and undermine the capacity to enhance the necessary development program. So properly addressing the issue global cooperation needed with both humanitarian and financial support ensure.

Mrs Nina Birkeland (NRC) said that the newly formed Task Force on disaster displacement has mandate to develop an approach that minimize and address the displacement. Regarding the issue, Task Force will assess the knowledge on slow onset events, provide an overview on data source and develop a common methodology that will work properly.

Moderating the dialogue, Mr. Atle Solberg said that PDD has been working with government to ensure and protect the rights of climate displacement internally and cross border migration. Apart in 2018, negotiation will take place on finalizing the Global Compact on Refugee where we have to influence and peruse to the global discourse to address the climate displacement issue.

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November 07, 2017, in CoP 23 Global Climate Negotiation in Bonn, Civil Society leaders of South Asia have meet a press conference and demand to develop the Paris Agreement Rulebook through Inclusive, Participatory and Transparent process with Accountability Mechanism.
The Press conference titled “MVC & LDC’s Peoples’ Interest and CoP 23” held at the meeting room 02 in Bonn climate conference center where representatives of different CSO leader like Santosh Patnaik (Climate Action Network-South Asia) from India, Md. Jahangir Hossen Masum (Coastal Development Partnership) and Md. Ziaul Hoque Mukta (Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) from Bangladesh and Hemantha Withanage (Center for Environmental Justice) from Sri Lanka have participated and spoke. The key demand was presented by Aminul Hoque (EquityBD) from Bangladesh.
Presenting of key demand, Aminul Hoque said, due to inaction of global leaders to climate change issues, global warming already reached more than 0.85 degree Celsius which worsening the climate scenario, increasing global inequalities and impacts already distorting our livelihood economies in MVC & LDCs. So that the ongoing discourse on “Paris implementing rulebook” must ensure compliance with the Agreement lowering global warming. Developed countries must stepping to operationalization of the UNFCCC’s equity principles (Paris Agreement Clause 3), and the process of five-yearly global stock takes ensure effective driving to increased mitigation, adaptation and financial support for LDC & MVCs.
Md. Masum said, we are in fact worried about preparation of Rulebook and its process, because many development agencies and countries have been developing the rulebook targeting the Paris Agreement. So we urge that Paris Rulebook is for people not just a paper on mitigation, finance etc. and that’s why it would be develop through Inclusive, Participatory and Transparent process. Mr. Santosh Kumar said that, South Asian countries are in fore front of climate vulnerability and any impact has an effect to other countries. This is the real issue need to be address in a wider way in CoP negotiation that facilitate people to relocate with dignity.
Mr. Hemantha Withanage said that, it necessary to repeatedly remind the develop countries has an obligation to put adequate resource in to the climate financing. Report says that by 2020, US$ 50 billion and by 2030 will be needed more than 100 billion/yr. but this money is not coming and people suffering. That’s why country have to make big budget for disaster management which undermine real development. So developed countries should be accountable to appropriate finance at least climate issues, rather than own interest focus.
In moderating the press conference, Mr. Ziaul Haque Mukta said that though we have reached the Paris Agreement but not satisfied on the outcome. However hope to see the rulebook will work for poor and vulnerable people and their survival.

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Dhaka, 30 October 2017. Today eleven Civil Society Organizations (CSO) has demanded transparent and coordinative government role from government delegation in Bonn climate conference and to take positon for easy access from GCF (Green Climate Fund) as Most Vulnerable Country (MVC). They made this demand in national seminar title “CoP 23 Bonn Climate Conference: Expectation from CSOs in view of Implementing Paris Agreement” that held at National Press Club, Dhaka. They seminar were jointly organized by BAPA, BIPNetCCBD, BCJF, CSRL, CDP, CPRD, Brac University, BCAS, ICCCAD, COAST and EquityBD.

The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD and key note presented by Syed Aminul Hoque from same organization. Dr. Qazi Kholikuzzaman, Chairman-PKF and official Coordinator of Bangladesh Government Climate Negotiation Team has chaired the seminar. Dr. Hasan Mahmud MP, Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoE&F) has participated as chief guest. Among other speaker Dr. Atiq Rahman of BCAS,  Md. Raseduzzaman, Director,  Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), Mr. Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB (Forum of Environmental Journalist in Bangladesh), Mr. Tanvir Mahmud from British Council, Mr. Prodip K Roy from CSRL (Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) spoke in the seminar.

In the key note presentation Aminul Hoque said that Bangladesh frequently suffer of climate change impact but getting very less support from the developed countries and different multilateral fund that what they have pledged in different climate conferences. He made four key demands (i) Developed countries must increase their ambition target based on science toward reducing global warming, (ii) Ensure easier access to GCF for most vulnerable countries without any condition of co-financing, (iii) Include new text on “Country goal on Adaptation” instead of so called global goal of adaptation and (iv) Include climate migration issues in the process of Loss & Damage work stream.

Dr. Qazi Kholikuzzaman said that GCF has been changing their rule & process frequently bypassing their funding principle which is problem for MVCs. Now access to GCF is very complicated and we off course take position on this issue in CoP 23. He also said that Bangladesh has position especially will give stress to implement the commitment those given by developed countries through Paris Agreement (PA).

Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that we have been suffering and paying most despite have no responsibility for changing our climate. PA is become a loose agreement as there CBDR policy (Common but Differentiate Responsibility) has not included. He urged for our interest, govt. should develop special ministry of climate change who will continue the chronology of global negotiation and get expected output over time.

Dr. Hasan Mahmud said that global temperature may go  up to more than three degree centigrade if the present INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution), which is in fact not at all sufficient to save mother earth. He urged developed countries must raise their ambition in respect of mitigation. He urged global CSOs to raise voice in this regard.
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Today 24 August 2017 in an Experience & knowledge sharing workshop on low carbon development, the CSO representatives have demanded of govt. policy cooperation to promote Eco-Village development to achieve the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). They also opine that government should adopt Eco-village development as one of their core strategies of low carbon development and to ensure the long term socio-economic development as sustainable.
The workshop titled “Evidence Based Advocacy for Low Carbon, Pro-Poor Sustainable Eco-Village Development (EVD)” is held COAST Trust conference room, Shamoli, Dhaka which is moderated by Syed Aminul Hoque from EquityBD. Dr. Atiq Rahaman of BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advance Studies) and Mrs. Salima Jahan, Member Policy Research SREDA (Renewable Energy Development Authority, Ministry of Power & Energy) are participated as expert guest. Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from EquityBD, Mr. Santosh Patnaik of CANSA (Climate Action Network South Asia), Ms. Lykke Valentin, Project Coordinator, EVD Project, DIB-Denmark, Mr. Shailendra Yashwant Kharat, Consultant, India and Mr. Mahabub Alam of Grammeen Shakti has presented their key notes on Eco-village concept. Among others Mr. Shamsuddoha of CPRD (Centre for Participatory research & Development), Md. Jahangir Hossen of CDP (Coastal Development Partnership), Mr. Mihir Biswas of BAPA (Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon), Mr. Prodip K Roy of CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) and Altab Hossen of Samakal are spoke and shared their experiences related with Eco-village expansion, perspective, challenges and policy development.
In key note present and experience sharing, Mr Santosh said that concept Eco-village development is affordable for communities, local ownership, co-benefit with poverty reduction and also reducing carbon emission. So fighting climate change in South Asia region, eco-village is imperative. The eco-village included the simple solution of implementing solar energy, improve stove, rain water harvesting and organic or non-pesticide agriculture through community participation in the countries.
On the issue of eco-village development, Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that we have huge opportunities to promote the issue for sustainable development in Bangladesh, Apart we also can take mutual learning each other in South Asia region developing appropriate policy, business model and technology.
Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh is treated as “Climate Ground Zero” and facing huge climatic hazard causing livelihood and asset loss. The context required both mitigation and adaptation strategies and action for sustainable development in our country that support through eco-village development concept.
Mr. Mahmudul Hasan Eco-village is very relevant and commensurate with govt. “One house-One Farm” project. This project can be included the solar energy process, bio-gas and organic pesticide for agriculture that will support our poor people and families for poverty alleviation with sustainable development ultimately. So government should provide necessary support in both finance and technical through overarching and holistic approach following SDGs.
Mr. Jahangir Hossen Masum said that our country has been facing huge energy deficiency and we think it would be hard to reach with electricity by govt. by 2030. But govt. strategies are contradict with his present action as they are implementing carbon oriented power produce. In this context renewable energy is the best opportunity that will contribute expansion energy supply and alongside save the money for govt.
Mihir Biswas opined, climate change impacts negatively in our coastal areas where salinity and water crisis are severe now. Many NGOs are in exercise with new and alternative technologies but rain water harvesting is new in this area. However we have to choose suitable and sustainable technologies those are fit in our context and in case of rain water harvesting, we can take regional experience and support from them.
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Dhaka, 28 November 2016. A group of Rights Based Civil Society Networks has expressed their deep concern and frustration about the outcome of the recently held CoP22, Marrakech Climate Conference, since this conference has failed to fulfill needs and demands of the Least Development Courtiers (LVC) and Most Vulnerable Countries (MVC).  The roadmap of the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement was supposed to be finalized from this conference, but it has also not been possible. A group of eight networks placed their position in this regard today in a press conference held in the National Press Club.  The group also opines that, the issue of climate change and international negotiations should not be handled by the ministry of Environment and Forest, rather it must be handle by an independent Climate Change Commission.

The Press Conference titled ‘Out come of the CoP22: Analysis and proposal from Civil Society’ was jointly organized by Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Climate Journalist Forum (BCJF), Bangladesh Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), CSRL, EquityBD and FEJB.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBd moderated the press conference while Mustafa Kamal Akand gave the welcome speech.  Mr Qumrul Chowdhury of FEJB, Syad Aminul Haque of EquityBD, Pradip Kumar Roy of CSRL and Md. Mujibul Haque Munir of EquityBD also spoke at the occasion.

Syaed Aminul  Haque Said,  During the tenure of the present minister for the ministry of Environment and Forest, inclusion and spaces for the civil society representatives  in the government delegation to the climate conference has been abridged. Two senior civil society leaders who have been leading the Bangladesh negotiation team for years did not join this CoP, this is a loss for the country.  Their absence disrupts the continuity of the Bangladesh negotiation; they used to ensure communication and balance among the government team and the civil society representatives.  He also says, climate change is a national issue, but we don’t see any interest in this regard among the political parties out of power including the main opposition party. We think the Bangladesh government negotiation team should include representatives from parties other than the party in power.

Md. Mujibul Haque Munir said, we are too much frustrated over the outcome of this climate conference since ignorance and tendency of avoiding responsibilities of the rich countries to the climate vulnerable countries seemed to be very much acute e.g. rich countries did not provide any clear Roadmap resulting of 100 billion dollar yearly. They did not agree on providing fund under the Loss and Damage issue, only a commitment of 81 million dollar for the adaptation fund has been made in CoP22. This type of position of the rich countries will lead the Climate Genocide in the LDCs and MVCs

Mr. Qumrul Chowdhury said, the conference was supposed decide on eight specific agenda, but only one decision has been taken. That is why we are so much frustrated. We think, to get financial support from international climate change fund, transparency and accountability within country level fund management must be ensured.  Otherwise we will not able to get fund we need to face the challenges of the climate change.

Pardip Kumar Roy said, The LVCs and MVCs clearly expect a leadership role of Bangladesh in the climate change negotiation.   Bangladesh should be very much active and vocal in this regard.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh negotiation team has some meritorious and skilled government officers, but there was clear lack of political guidance, which in turn weakened Bangladeshi’s position in the conference.   We think climate change issue is not an issue of the ministry of Environment and forest, rather like Philippine, we demand an independent Climate Change Commission in this regard. At least we demand the Prime Minister to lead the climate negotiation process. Last edited: April 2, 2017
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Marrakech 17 November 2016. Today, just one day before of the conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference, civil society rights group representing LDCs and MVCs have organized a press conference is CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference at press conference room Dakhla, they expressed dismay on possible conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference.  In their groups position paper, they said that US president elect Donald Trump’s possible threats on possible pull out from Paris Agreement (PA), the climate multilateral deal, indecisions of developed countries in respect of enhancing mitigation ambitions, very little or no commitment in respect of financing especially for adaptation and mitigation of loss and damages, finally inaction in respect of climate induced displacement from this conference will lead to and aggravate climate genocide in LDCs and MVCs.

They cite examples from a recent (14th Nov 2016) World Bank and Global Facility of Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)’s released report that, there will be 26 million new poor individuals and a loss of $520 billion worth of asset and services annually due to natural disasters. The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD Bangladesh, other speakers of the press conference was Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, Azeb Girmi from ENDA Ethiopia and LDC Watch Brussels, and Justine Ginnetti of IDMC (International Displacement Monitoring Center), Geneva.

Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, insisted to fix the temperature pick year for the three different set of countries which is for developed countries 2020, for developing countries 2025 and for the least developed countries the picking year should be 2035. He express hoped that Facilitative Dialogue 2018 should  pave the process in this regard to raise mitigation ambition high even before 2023, otherwise the earth will face inevitable raise in temperature level of 3.4 degree Celsius, which will result is much more climate catastrophes especially for LDCs and MVCs. Azeb Girmi form ENDA Etheopia and LDC Watch said that pre 2020 road map for $100 billion commitment is still not clear, she demand there should clear road map on this for pre and post 2020 situation, she also demand separate fund for Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) in respect of loss and damage. Justine Ginneti of IDMC Geneva mentioned that there are 172.3 million disaster related displacement since 2008, 21.5 millions in each year and 58 thousand displacements in a day. Rezaul Karim Chowdury of EquityBD said that more funding in respect of adaptation may help to reduce displacement and disaster related death, but all above displacement require a political decision in view of human rights and justice framework. Last Edited: April 2, 2017

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index11th November Marrakech : Today in Marrakech Climate Conference in conference room Bering global civil society leaders in seminar title “Climate Displacement : Protecting and Promoting Rights of the Climate Migrants” urged for new political policy regimes to protect and promote the human rights of climate induced displaced people. The side event seminar was jointly organized by Action Aid (AA) International, Asia People Movement of Debt and Development (APMDD) , Climate Action Network South Asia (CAN South Asia) , Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (COAST), Friends of the Earth International (FOEI) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury COAST and Lidy Nacpil APMDD. Presentation panel speakers of the seminar was Sanjay Vashist CAN South Asia, Azeb Girmi LDC Watch, Rita Uwaka FOEI East Africa, Harjeet Singh Action Aid, Nina M Birkeland NRC. The respondent panel speakers was Dr Kamal Uddin Ahmed Secretary Ministry of Environment and Forest of Bangladesh, Atle Soleberg of Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) an state lead initiative, Marine Frank of UNHCR (United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees), Benjamin Schechter of United Nations Human Rights (UNHR), and Asad Rehman of EoEI.
Sanjay Vashist the Director CAN South Asia presented key findings of a study recently done by them jointly with Action Aid International, they found increasing nature of climate displacement and migration in South Asia, impact on women is severe, which is creating tensions among the community and imbalance competition in already scarce basic services. Rita Uwaka EOEI East Africa given references of several studies from Afirca how the displacement is increasing and the situation is also complicated by the displacements due to development projects. Azeb Girmi LDC Watch from Ethiopia express her dismay on inaction of UNFCCC process on the issue that it was not explicit in Paris Agreement, she demanded new protocol to protect the climate migrants with a protocol like 1951 UN Refugee convention. Harjeet Singh of AA said that states especially most vulnerable countries must give effort to include the issue in Warsaw Implementation Mechanism (WIM) in reference to Doha decision.
Dr Kamal Secretary from Bangladesh said, although Bangladesh is trying best to protect the climate displacement, but the problem is so huge especially for 39 million coastal populations, its require global support to protect their human rights. Nina M Birkeland of NRC said that the responsibility of climate displacement should not only be laid with WIM only, it should be an important issue in UNFCCC process too. She urged for policy coherence on the issues with SDGs, Sendai Frame Work, UN Global compact on refugee and migration and WHS (World Humanitarian Summit) process. Atle Solebarg of PDD mentioned that PDD has identified set of tools on protection measures in respect of climate displacement in cross boarder level, states can use it. Marine Frank of UNHCR said that UNHCR acknowledge the issue and working with other agencies. Benjamin Schechter of UNHR said that, international community response is not enough in this regard, there must be a policy regime. Asad Rehman of FOEI said that climate migrants deserve political solution.

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indexMarrakech 8 November 2016. Today civil society right groups representing Most Vulnerable Countries (MVC) and Least Developed Countries (LDC) in a press conference is UNFCCC (United Nation Framework on Climate Change Convention) CoP 22 (Conference of Parties), Media Centre in Marrakech climate conference have urged country delegates to decide the Temperature Peaking Year, which has been stated in the Paris agreement “as soon as possible” to save the mother earth. The press conference was moderated by Ziaul Haque Mukta CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood), on behalf of the group  key note position paper was read out by Shamind Neelormi of CSRL, Sanjay Vahsist of Climate Action Network (CAN) South Asia and Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD).

The group said that, present trend of NDC (nationally determined contribution) will lead to rise in the global temperature by 3.5 degree Celsius and above which is much above the set temperature of 2 degree Celsius or well below toward 1.5 degree Celsius, as agreed in Paris agreement, will lead to much more catastrophes for the MVC and LDCs as said by Sanjay Vahsist of CAN South Asia. He urged state parties to raise NDCs of the countries especially of developed countries.

While presenting group position paper Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL said that the term in respect of peaking year which has been stated in Paris agreement as soon as possible” should be specified in view of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities (CBDRC). The group proposed that the “Temperature Peaking Year” should be set for developed countries on 2020; Developing high emitting countries (like for China and India) should be on 2025 and for Developing countries which includes MVCs and LDCs should be 2035.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD has said that, Marrakech climate conference has to deliver in respect of Loss and Damage discourse especially there should be a work plan from Warsaw Implementation Mechanism (WIM). He said that to recuperate loss and damage due to climate change there should be additional financing in this regard. He also urged that there must be scope of integration of work on climate induced displacement in WIM process.

Ziaul Haque Mukta the moderator of the press conference said that, Marrakech must deliver a predictable road map in respect of much committed $100 billion climate finance from 2020 and also financing road map until 2020, which must be additional to other development assistance to the developing countries, and there must be well balanced allocation i.e. should be 50: 50 for mitigation and adaptation. Last Edited: April 2, 2017

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