Campaign on CoP

Today 24 August 2017 in an Experience & knowledge sharing workshop on low carbon development, the CSO representatives have demanded of govt. policy cooperation to promote Eco-Village development to achieve the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). They also opine that government should adopt Eco-village development as one of their core strategies of low carbon development and to ensure the long term socio-economic development as sustainable.
The workshop titled “Evidence Based Advocacy for Low Carbon, Pro-Poor Sustainable Eco-Village Development (EVD)” is held COAST Trust conference room, Shamoli, Dhaka which is moderated by Syed Aminul Hoque from EquityBD. Dr. Atiq Rahaman of BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advance Studies) and Mrs. Salima Jahan, Member Policy Research SREDA (Renewable Energy Development Authority, Ministry of Power & Energy) are participated as expert guest. Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from EquityBD, Mr. Santosh Patnaik of CANSA (Climate Action Network South Asia), Ms. Lykke Valentin, Project Coordinator, EVD Project, DIB-Denmark, Mr. Shailendra Yashwant Kharat, Consultant, India and Mr. Mahabub Alam of Grammeen Shakti has presented their key notes on Eco-village concept. Among others Mr. Shamsuddoha of CPRD (Centre for Participatory research & Development), Md. Jahangir Hossen of CDP (Coastal Development Partnership), Mr. Mihir Biswas of BAPA (Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon), Mr. Prodip K Roy of CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) and Altab Hossen of Samakal are spoke and shared their experiences related with Eco-village expansion, perspective, challenges and policy development.
In key note present and experience sharing, Mr Santosh said that concept Eco-village development is affordable for communities, local ownership, co-benefit with poverty reduction and also reducing carbon emission. So fighting climate change in South Asia region, eco-village is imperative. The eco-village included the simple solution of implementing solar energy, improve stove, rain water harvesting and organic or non-pesticide agriculture through community participation in the countries.
On the issue of eco-village development, Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that we have huge opportunities to promote the issue for sustainable development in Bangladesh, Apart we also can take mutual learning each other in South Asia region developing appropriate policy, business model and technology.
Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh is treated as “Climate Ground Zero” and facing huge climatic hazard causing livelihood and asset loss. The context required both mitigation and adaptation strategies and action for sustainable development in our country that support through eco-village development concept.
Mr. Mahmudul Hasan Eco-village is very relevant and commensurate with govt. “One house-One Farm” project. This project can be included the solar energy process, bio-gas and organic pesticide for agriculture that will support our poor people and families for poverty alleviation with sustainable development ultimately. So government should provide necessary support in both finance and technical through overarching and holistic approach following SDGs.
Mr. Jahangir Hossen Masum said that our country has been facing huge energy deficiency and we think it would be hard to reach with electricity by govt. by 2030. But govt. strategies are contradict with his present action as they are implementing carbon oriented power produce. In this context renewable energy is the best opportunity that will contribute expansion energy supply and alongside save the money for govt.
Mihir Biswas opined, climate change impacts negatively in our coastal areas where salinity and water crisis are severe now. Many NGOs are in exercise with new and alternative technologies but rain water harvesting is new in this area. However we have to choose suitable and sustainable technologies those are fit in our context and in case of rain water harvesting, we can take regional experience and support from them.
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Dhaka, 28 November 2016. A group of Rights Based Civil Society Networks has expressed their deep concern and frustration about the outcome of the recently held CoP22, Marrakech Climate Conference, since this conference has failed to fulfill needs and demands of the Least Development Courtiers (LVC) and Most Vulnerable Countries (MVC).  The roadmap of the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement was supposed to be finalized from this conference, but it has also not been possible. A group of eight networks placed their position in this regard today in a press conference held in the National Press Club.  The group also opines that, the issue of climate change and international negotiations should not be handled by the ministry of Environment and Forest, rather it must be handle by an independent Climate Change Commission.

The Press Conference titled ‘Out come of the CoP22: Analysis and proposal from Civil Society’ was jointly organized by Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Climate Journalist Forum (BCJF), Bangladesh Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), CSRL, EquityBD and FEJB.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBd moderated the press conference while Mustafa Kamal Akand gave the welcome speech.  Mr Qumrul Chowdhury of FEJB, Syad Aminul Haque of EquityBD, Pradip Kumar Roy of CSRL and Md. Mujibul Haque Munir of EquityBD also spoke at the occasion.

Syaed Aminul  Haque Said,  During the tenure of the present minister for the ministry of Environment and Forest, inclusion and spaces for the civil society representatives  in the government delegation to the climate conference has been abridged. Two senior civil society leaders who have been leading the Bangladesh negotiation team for years did not join this CoP, this is a loss for the country.  Their absence disrupts the continuity of the Bangladesh negotiation; they used to ensure communication and balance among the government team and the civil society representatives.  He also says, climate change is a national issue, but we don’t see any interest in this regard among the political parties out of power including the main opposition party. We think the Bangladesh government negotiation team should include representatives from parties other than the party in power.

Md. Mujibul Haque Munir said, we are too much frustrated over the outcome of this climate conference since ignorance and tendency of avoiding responsibilities of the rich countries to the climate vulnerable countries seemed to be very much acute e.g. rich countries did not provide any clear Roadmap resulting of 100 billion dollar yearly. They did not agree on providing fund under the Loss and Damage issue, only a commitment of 81 million dollar for the adaptation fund has been made in CoP22. This type of position of the rich countries will lead the Climate Genocide in the LDCs and MVCs

Mr. Qumrul Chowdhury said, the conference was supposed decide on eight specific agenda, but only one decision has been taken. That is why we are so much frustrated. We think, to get financial support from international climate change fund, transparency and accountability within country level fund management must be ensured.  Otherwise we will not able to get fund we need to face the challenges of the climate change.

Pardip Kumar Roy said, The LVCs and MVCs clearly expect a leadership role of Bangladesh in the climate change negotiation.   Bangladesh should be very much active and vocal in this regard.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh negotiation team has some meritorious and skilled government officers, but there was clear lack of political guidance, which in turn weakened Bangladeshi’s position in the conference.   We think climate change issue is not an issue of the ministry of Environment and forest, rather like Philippine, we demand an independent Climate Change Commission in this regard. At least we demand the Prime Minister to lead the climate negotiation process. Last edited: April 2, 2017
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Marrakech 17 November 2016. Today, just one day before of the conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference, civil society rights group representing LDCs and MVCs have organized a press conference is CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference at press conference room Dakhla, they expressed dismay on possible conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference.  In their groups position paper, they said that US president elect Donald Trump’s possible threats on possible pull out from Paris Agreement (PA), the climate multilateral deal, indecisions of developed countries in respect of enhancing mitigation ambitions, very little or no commitment in respect of financing especially for adaptation and mitigation of loss and damages, finally inaction in respect of climate induced displacement from this conference will lead to and aggravate climate genocide in LDCs and MVCs.

They cite examples from a recent (14th Nov 2016) World Bank and Global Facility of Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)’s released report that, there will be 26 million new poor individuals and a loss of $520 billion worth of asset and services annually due to natural disasters. The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD Bangladesh, other speakers of the press conference was Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, Azeb Girmi from ENDA Ethiopia and LDC Watch Brussels, and Justine Ginnetti of IDMC (International Displacement Monitoring Center), Geneva.

Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, insisted to fix the temperature pick year for the three different set of countries which is for developed countries 2020, for developing countries 2025 and for the least developed countries the picking year should be 2035. He express hoped that Facilitative Dialogue 2018 should  pave the process in this regard to raise mitigation ambition high even before 2023, otherwise the earth will face inevitable raise in temperature level of 3.4 degree Celsius, which will result is much more climate catastrophes especially for LDCs and MVCs. Azeb Girmi form ENDA Etheopia and LDC Watch said that pre 2020 road map for $100 billion commitment is still not clear, she demand there should clear road map on this for pre and post 2020 situation, she also demand separate fund for Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) in respect of loss and damage. Justine Ginneti of IDMC Geneva mentioned that there are 172.3 million disaster related displacement since 2008, 21.5 millions in each year and 58 thousand displacements in a day. Rezaul Karim Chowdury of EquityBD said that more funding in respect of adaptation may help to reduce displacement and disaster related death, but all above displacement require a political decision in view of human rights and justice framework. Last Edited: April 2, 2017

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index11th November Marrakech : Today in Marrakech Climate Conference in conference room Bering global civil society leaders in seminar title “Climate Displacement : Protecting and Promoting Rights of the Climate Migrants” urged for new political policy regimes to protect and promote the human rights of climate induced displaced people. The side event seminar was jointly organized by Action Aid (AA) International, Asia People Movement of Debt and Development (APMDD) , Climate Action Network South Asia (CAN South Asia) , Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (COAST), Friends of the Earth International (FOEI) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury COAST and Lidy Nacpil APMDD. Presentation panel speakers of the seminar was Sanjay Vashist CAN South Asia, Azeb Girmi LDC Watch, Rita Uwaka FOEI East Africa, Harjeet Singh Action Aid, Nina M Birkeland NRC. The respondent panel speakers was Dr Kamal Uddin Ahmed Secretary Ministry of Environment and Forest of Bangladesh, Atle Soleberg of Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) an state lead initiative, Marine Frank of UNHCR (United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees), Benjamin Schechter of United Nations Human Rights (UNHR), and Asad Rehman of EoEI.
Sanjay Vashist the Director CAN South Asia presented key findings of a study recently done by them jointly with Action Aid International, they found increasing nature of climate displacement and migration in South Asia, impact on women is severe, which is creating tensions among the community and imbalance competition in already scarce basic services. Rita Uwaka EOEI East Africa given references of several studies from Afirca how the displacement is increasing and the situation is also complicated by the displacements due to development projects. Azeb Girmi LDC Watch from Ethiopia express her dismay on inaction of UNFCCC process on the issue that it was not explicit in Paris Agreement, she demanded new protocol to protect the climate migrants with a protocol like 1951 UN Refugee convention. Harjeet Singh of AA said that states especially most vulnerable countries must give effort to include the issue in Warsaw Implementation Mechanism (WIM) in reference to Doha decision.
Dr Kamal Secretary from Bangladesh said, although Bangladesh is trying best to protect the climate displacement, but the problem is so huge especially for 39 million coastal populations, its require global support to protect their human rights. Nina M Birkeland of NRC said that the responsibility of climate displacement should not only be laid with WIM only, it should be an important issue in UNFCCC process too. She urged for policy coherence on the issues with SDGs, Sendai Frame Work, UN Global compact on refugee and migration and WHS (World Humanitarian Summit) process. Atle Solebarg of PDD mentioned that PDD has identified set of tools on protection measures in respect of climate displacement in cross boarder level, states can use it. Marine Frank of UNHCR said that UNHCR acknowledge the issue and working with other agencies. Benjamin Schechter of UNHR said that, international community response is not enough in this regard, there must be a policy regime. Asad Rehman of FOEI said that climate migrants deserve political solution.

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indexMarrakech 8 November 2016. Today civil society right groups representing Most Vulnerable Countries (MVC) and Least Developed Countries (LDC) in a press conference is UNFCCC (United Nation Framework on Climate Change Convention) CoP 22 (Conference of Parties), Media Centre in Marrakech climate conference have urged country delegates to decide the Temperature Peaking Year, which has been stated in the Paris agreement “as soon as possible” to save the mother earth. The press conference was moderated by Ziaul Haque Mukta CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood), on behalf of the group  key note position paper was read out by Shamind Neelormi of CSRL, Sanjay Vahsist of Climate Action Network (CAN) South Asia and Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD).

The group said that, present trend of NDC (nationally determined contribution) will lead to rise in the global temperature by 3.5 degree Celsius and above which is much above the set temperature of 2 degree Celsius or well below toward 1.5 degree Celsius, as agreed in Paris agreement, will lead to much more catastrophes for the MVC and LDCs as said by Sanjay Vahsist of CAN South Asia. He urged state parties to raise NDCs of the countries especially of developed countries.

While presenting group position paper Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL said that the term in respect of peaking year which has been stated in Paris agreement as soon as possible” should be specified in view of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities (CBDRC). The group proposed that the “Temperature Peaking Year” should be set for developed countries on 2020; Developing high emitting countries (like for China and India) should be on 2025 and for Developing countries which includes MVCs and LDCs should be 2035.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD has said that, Marrakech climate conference has to deliver in respect of Loss and Damage discourse especially there should be a work plan from Warsaw Implementation Mechanism (WIM). He said that to recuperate loss and damage due to climate change there should be additional financing in this regard. He also urged that there must be scope of integration of work on climate induced displacement in WIM process.

Ziaul Haque Mukta the moderator of the press conference said that, Marrakech must deliver a predictable road map in respect of much committed $100 billion climate finance from 2020 and also financing road map until 2020, which must be additional to other development assistance to the developing countries, and there must be well balanced allocation i.e. should be 50: 50 for mitigation and adaptation. Last Edited: April 2, 2017

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index_5316Dhaka, 27th October 2016. Today eight civil society organizations has organized a seminar title “CoP 22 Global Climate Conference: Proposal from Civil Society on Behalf of Most Vulnerable Population” on the of eve of global climate conference to be held in Marrakech, Morocco during 7 to 18 November 2016. On behalf of Bangladesh government Dr Hasan Mahmud MP, Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoE&F) announced in the seminar that “Climate Induced Migrants issue will get top priority in Marrakech climate conference. He was the Chair of the seminar while Minister MoE&F Mr. Anwar Hossain Monju MP was there as the Chief Guest. The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD. On behalf of the group key note presentation was given Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL, other speakers are Md Ziaul Haque Director, Department of Environment, Dr. Nilufar Banu, BUP, Mr. Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB, Mr.Kawser Rahman of BCJF and Mr. Mojahidul Islam Noyan of Oxfam. Eight organization who organize the seminar were BAPA, BCJF, BIPNetCCBD, CDP, CSRL, EquityBD and FEJB.
On behalf of the group Ms Sharmind Neelormi proposed key five demands, which are (i) Bangladesh government should follow an inclusive and a transparent process in international negotiation, (ii) Government must keep pressure especially on developed and advance developed countries to raise their ambition in respect of mitigation target, (iii) There must be all grants in respect of climate finance and which should be additional to all other assistance to developing countries,, (vi) Climate induced migrants issue should be the key issue in respect of negotiation in Loss and Damage discourse, and (v) Global adaptation goal should have priority to the need of most vulnerable countries.
Minister Anwar Husain Monju MP said that government and civil society should work together for country interest in Marrakech conference. Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on MoE&F Dr Hasan Mahmud MP said that Government policy is to give highest priority on climate induced migrant issue in this conference. He also said that government is not in favor of any loan or any commercial attitude in climate finance, as Bangladesh is not at all responsible in climate catastrophes, so Bangladesh position is to demand compensation in this regard. He also said Bangladesh government will also raise the issue of setting picking year in respect of temperature and mitigation. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD the moderator of the seminar mentioned that, Government provide access to civil society in the total negotiation process both in country and abroad too.
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index_4735Dhaka, 21st October 2016. On the eve of CoP (Conference of Parties) Global Climate Conference to be held in Marrakech the capital of Morocco during 7 to 18 th November 2016, today eight civil society climate networks in a press conference held at National Press Club call for a transparent and inclusive climate negotiation from official Bangladesh delegation. The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD (Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh) , while key note paper on behalf of the group was presented by Mrs. Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood), other speakers of the press conference were Mr Qumrul Islam Chowdhury, Presided FEJB (Forum on Environment Journalist in Bangladesh) and Secretary General National Press Club, Prodip K Roy Coordinator CSRL and Md Mozahidul Islam Nayan of Oxfam International. Eight civil society network organizations are Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Climate Journalist Forum (BCJF), Bangladesh Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), CSRL, EquityBD and FEJB.
On behalf of the group Mrs Sharmind Neelormi read out the position paper and presented eight proposal to the Bangladesh official climate negotiation team, which are (i) Bangladesh must take leading position on behalf of LDC (least developed Country) group in the G77 and China group and in also in negotiation especially in respect of formulation of detail of agreement which to be implemented from 2020, (ii) Rich countries must increase their ambition in respect of carbon mitigation toward the 1.5 C of global temperatures, at now INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution) will reach up to 3.5 C and which is around 55 gig a tone of carbon, far short in respect of target to save the earth from climate catastrophes, (iii) Global goal on adaptation must prioritize the issues of LDCs and MVC (most vulnerable countries) like Bangladesh, (iv) In respect of financing grant for LDCs and MVC is imperative, (v) Capacity building for LDCs and MVCs in respect of access to climate finance, and adaptation should be given priority, (vi) In respect of loss and damage, priority should be given to right based approach and polluter pay principle, (vii) Issues and protection related to climate forced migrants must be work out in the UNFCCC (United Nation Framework for Climate Change Conference) process, (vi) Bangladesh government must include civil society expert in the negotiation team and (vii) Bangladesh government must inform parliament and media on her position during pre and post Marrakech conference.
Mr Qumrul Chowdhury of FEJB stressed the confidence building initiative among the LDC / MVC group by Bangladesh delegation, he also said the LDC and MVC interest must not supersede by the interest of advance developing countries like China and India. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD and the moderator of the press conference concluded the press conference with a hope that this year government delegation at least give due importance to civil society access and participation in official government delegation in Marrakech negotiation.

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IndexDhaka, 20th August 2016. Today different right group network of the country and region has organized a seminar title “Climate Issues in CoP 22 and Islamabad SAARC Summit” held in CIRDAP Auditorium, Paltan, Dhaka. Speakers in the seminar urged Bangladesh government delegation to rise cross boarder implications issues of climate induced displacement in both SAARC Islamabad summit and Climate Conference in Marrakech. It should be noted that Conference of Parties (CoP) 22 Climate Conference will be happened in the Marrakesh the capital of Morocco during November 2016 and SAARC summit will be happened in Islamabad during December 2016. The seminar was jointly organized by Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA), Christian Aid, Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Oxfam International, COAST and EquityBD. The seminar was chaired by Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad, Chairman PKSF, Dr Hasan Mahmud, Member of Parliament (MP), Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest attended as the chief guest. The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of COAST. Other guest speakers were, Mr Sanjay Vahsist of CANSA, Dr Atiq Rahman of BCAS, Mr Badi Akhter from Oxfam and Ms Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL. Mr Mujibul Haque Munir of Equitybd has presented the key note presentation.
In the key note presentation Mr Mujibul Haque Munir of EquityBD mentioned that Bangladesh must take the opportunity of SAARC summit to raise the cross boarder perspective of climate displacement issue in SAARC summit. He also presented the grim picture of Green Climate Fund disbursement, while 90 % of pledge has been met, then LDC and country like Bangladesh has got direct access only to 2 % of the fund because of difficult procedures, most of the fund i.e. around 80 % fund has disbursed through multinational institutions, even though international bank like HSBC. Mr. Badi Akhter from Oxfam pleaded that Bangladesh delegation in CoP 22 Marrakech must raise the issue of insurance in Loss & Damage. Ms Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL urged that Bangladesh government should not feel shy to raise joint river management issues in SAARC; she also urged that while Bangladesh is one of the highest remittance sender countries to the India, then India must consider accepting Bangladeshi climate migrants.
Mr. Sanjay Vahsist, Director CANSA said that there is a need of strong civil society mobilization in SAARC countries especially in India to go for regional level water management and management of climate induced displacement. Dr Hasan Mahmud MP Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee, mentioned that what Bangladesh delegation gained in Durban and Cancun on climate displacement issue that have to be again placed in CoP 22 Marrakech, he also urged for redefining UN refugee convention in view of climate displacement. He criticized GCF, as majority fund channeling through multilateral financial institution whose basic objectives to gain profit. Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman, Chairman PKSF and Chair of the seminar mentioned that all though Bangladesh have to be very active in Marrakech and Islamabad SAARC summit but Bangladesh should not wait for external assistance, the country has to proceed its own too.

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DSCF44271111Equity and Justice Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) has been closely monitoring the discourse of the Paris Climate Conference. It organized various policy advocacy events before the conference and it also organized press conference and seminar during the CoP 21 at the conference venue premises to raise mainly the demands of the LDCs and MVCs. Efforts are still going on to protest against the Paris agreement.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, Chief Moderator of EquityBD has so far made some immediate assessments on the draft Paris Climate Agreement. Some international newspapers and medias have published his comments and reviews.

The Daily Mirror of Sri Lanka (Published on 15th December) quoted Rezaul Karim Chowdhury as: “If the text is adopted as it is, the ‘Most Vulnerable Countries’ have lost their right to claim liabilities and compensation for ‘Loss and Damage’. Countries like Bangladesh will not be able to seek assistance from richer nations and we will be left alone to face up to these disasters. Those who have polluted the planet most have gone scot free in this iteration of text. (Link: http://www.dailymirror.lk/99451/paris-text-durable-and-dynamic-but-not-fully-fair-and-responsive-cansa)

The Hindu of India (Published in 13th December) quotes: Most Vulnerable Countries’ had lost their right to claim liabilities and compensation for ‘Loss and Damage’. Countries like Bangladesh would not be able to seek assistance from richer nations and would be left to face up to these disasters themselves. Those who have polluted the planet most have gone scot free in this iteration of text (Link: http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/reactions-to-the-paris-agreement-text/article7981148.ece?homepage=true
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Index_8516Dhaka, 14th December 2015. A group of Rights Based civil society organizations criticized the role of the Forest nad Environment Minister in the climate conference as he has been literally failed to uphold the interest of the country in the Paris Climate Conference. 24 organizations made this statement from a Human Chain organized today in front of the National Press Club, Dhaka. They also mentioned that, during the conference there was no coordination among delegations, no access for CSOs and media formally in Bangladesh delegation. Minister’s speech in the press conference and sessions were always contradictory and confusing. Minister hardly gave space to other members of the delegation.
The Human Chain titled, ‘ Paris Climate Agreement: We have been made slave!’ was moderated by Mustafa Kamal Akand of EquityBD. Among others Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust, Engineer Foyez Hossain of Jatyo Sromik Federation, Prodip Kumar Roy of Online Knowledge Society, Zayed Iqbal Khan of Bangladesh Krishak Federation, Subal Sarkar of Bangladesh Bhumihin Somity, Firoja Begum of banchte Shikh Nari and Kader Hazari of ARPAN also spoke at the occasion.
The written statement on behalf of the organizers says that, the most dangerous decision of the agreement is the decision number 52. Rich countries have been able to refuse their liability of compensation with this. It is clearly a huge wound to the demand Bangladesh has been raising since long time. Bangladesh Prime Minister has also put this demand several times. Bangladesh negotiation team has to clarify the nation why they have not upheld the position of the Prime Minister, in other word the position of Bangladesh in the conference.
Engineer Foyez Hossain said, developed and emerging countries in the name of their country realities ignoring the issues related to the survival of the MVCs. He has mentioned that compensation and liability, historical responsibilities, developed countries responsibility to provide climate finance, preferential treatment to MVCs and LDCs, have been completely wiped out from the draft agreement. Aminur Rasul Babul said, the target of global warming increasing rate has been fixed to 2 degree while IPCC predictions to keep the temperature 1.5 degree. By ignoring the demand of keeping the rate within 1.5 the whole world has been put into a great danger. Zayed Iqbal Khan said, rich countries are seriously reluctant to take the liability of climate change. Liability and compensation issue from loss and damage discourse has been eliminated; it is due to the unprecedented pressure by US since the beginning with the passive support of other developed countries including EU. The whole world has become more vulnerable due one or two mighty countries!

Subal Sarkar said, this agreement is great symbol of injustice. It is said that, ‘all parties’ will take the responsibilities of financing. By this financial liabilities have been out also the countries who are not responsible for the climate change. There is no clear roadmap of mobilizing the 100 billion dollar fund annually which was committed previously. Pradip Kumar Roy said, Bangladesh should reject the agreement and must be refrain to sign it.

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