Climate justice

Today 24 August 2017 in an Experience & knowledge sharing workshop on low carbon development, the CSO representatives have demanded of govt. policy cooperation to promote Eco-Village development to achieve the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). They also opine that government should adopt Eco-village development as one of their core strategies of low carbon development and to ensure the long term socio-economic development as sustainable.
The workshop titled “Evidence Based Advocacy for Low Carbon, Pro-Poor Sustainable Eco-Village Development (EVD)” is held COAST Trust conference room, Shamoli, Dhaka which is moderated by Syed Aminul Hoque from EquityBD. Dr. Atiq Rahaman of BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advance Studies) and Mrs. Salima Jahan, Member Policy Research SREDA (Renewable Energy Development Authority, Ministry of Power & Energy) are participated as expert guest. Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from EquityBD, Mr. Santosh Patnaik of CANSA (Climate Action Network South Asia), Ms. Lykke Valentin, Project Coordinator, EVD Project, DIB-Denmark, Mr. Shailendra Yashwant Kharat, Consultant, India and Mr. Mahabub Alam of Grammeen Shakti has presented their key notes on Eco-village concept. Among others Mr. Shamsuddoha of CPRD (Centre for Participatory research & Development), Md. Jahangir Hossen of CDP (Coastal Development Partnership), Mr. Mihir Biswas of BAPA (Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon), Mr. Prodip K Roy of CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) and Altab Hossen of Samakal are spoke and shared their experiences related with Eco-village expansion, perspective, challenges and policy development.
In key note present and experience sharing, Mr Santosh said that concept Eco-village development is affordable for communities, local ownership, co-benefit with poverty reduction and also reducing carbon emission. So fighting climate change in South Asia region, eco-village is imperative. The eco-village included the simple solution of implementing solar energy, improve stove, rain water harvesting and organic or non-pesticide agriculture through community participation in the countries.
On the issue of eco-village development, Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that we have huge opportunities to promote the issue for sustainable development in Bangladesh, Apart we also can take mutual learning each other in South Asia region developing appropriate policy, business model and technology.
Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh is treated as “Climate Ground Zero” and facing huge climatic hazard causing livelihood and asset loss. The context required both mitigation and adaptation strategies and action for sustainable development in our country that support through eco-village development concept.
Mr. Mahmudul Hasan Eco-village is very relevant and commensurate with govt. “One house-One Farm” project. This project can be included the solar energy process, bio-gas and organic pesticide for agriculture that will support our poor people and families for poverty alleviation with sustainable development ultimately. So government should provide necessary support in both finance and technical through overarching and holistic approach following SDGs.
Mr. Jahangir Hossen Masum said that our country has been facing huge energy deficiency and we think it would be hard to reach with electricity by govt. by 2030. But govt. strategies are contradict with his present action as they are implementing carbon oriented power produce. In this context renewable energy is the best opportunity that will contribute expansion energy supply and alongside save the money for govt.
Mihir Biswas opined, climate change impacts negatively in our coastal areas where salinity and water crisis are severe now. Many NGOs are in exercise with new and alternative technologies but rain water harvesting is new in this area. However we have to choose suitable and sustainable technologies those are fit in our context and in case of rain water harvesting, we can take regional experience and support from them.
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IMG_1824_Index_1Dhaka, 20 June 2017. Today in a seminar held at CIRDAP auditorium titled “Climate Change: Bangladesh and Bay of Bengal Regional Cooperation” civil society leaders, policy makers and experts urged to strengthen cooperation in the Bay of Bengal region or BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sectoral Technical Economic Cooperation) regional cooperation to tackle climate change problem and also to use natural resources for common public good. The seminar was organized by an NGO (non-government organization) COAST Trust (Coastal Association for Social Transformation) with the assistance from American Centre Dhaka.

The seminar was Chaired by Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmed, Chairman, PKSF (Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation), Chief Guest was Dr. Hasan Mahmud, MP (Member of Parliament), Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on MoE&F (Ministry of Environment and Forest) and Chairman, All Party Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change; Special Guests were Mr. Domang, First Secretary, Royal Bhutan Embessy; Mr. Sanjay Vahsist, Director, Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA), Dr. Kevin Adkin, Climate Change Adaptation Advisor, US Embassy; Mr. Kelly R Ryan Cultural Affairs Officer American Centre Dhaka; Mr. Sojib Ahmed from High Commission of India ; Mr. AHM Bazlur Raham from BNNRC (Bangladesh NGO Network for Radio and Communication). The seminar was moderated by Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from COAST; key note presentation was given by Dr. Haseeb Md. Irfanullah, IUCN and Mr. Syed Aminul Haque of COAST.

In key note presentation, Sayed Aminul Haque of COAST summarized the presentation from six writers from IMG_1906_Indexsix Bay of Bengal region countries, i.e., in respect of bio diversity management, mangrove management, solid waste management, surface water management, local level adaptation planning and in respect of community adaptations in Bay of Bengal countries like Bhutan, Mayanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh has good examples in respect of tackling climate change problem. Dr. Haseeb Md. Irfanullah from IUCN, gave examples of adaptation technologies and cited that Bangladesh has now become a capital of learning on community level adaptation. He also said that this is a knowledge based monitoring and learning process in the long run and that Bangladesh has to live with the spirit of adaptation.

Mr. Sanjay Vahsist from CANSA said that cooperation in respect of agriculture technologies, water security and energy management should receive priority as agendas in the region for cooperation. There should be long term planning and cross boarder coordinated action. Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman, the Chair of the seminar said that SAARC has already three important declarations in this regard, these are Dhaka, Thimpu and Kathmandu declaration on climate change, but they have little practical ramifications; countries have to give importance on these. Dr. Hasan Mahmud said as the region and the countries would like to get rid of fossil fuel based energy production, the region, especially countries like India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan have enormous opportunity on joint project for hydro electricity production, which is a necessity for economic growth and poverty alleviation of the region.
Please download related paper [Bangla press] [English press] [Summary Presentation on different writers of BIMSTEC Country by Syed Aminul Hoque of COAST] [Presentation on Climate Change Adaptation by Haseeb Md. Irfanullah of IUCN Bangladesh] [Climate change in the Bay of Bengal Region “Exploring Sectoral Cooperation for Sustainable Development”]

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IMG_1104_IndexToday 31 May 2017, a group of 30 Rights Based Civil Society Network protested the government initiative to review the BCCSAP-2009 (Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan-2009) by engaging foreign expert. Besides, they also demanded review of the BCCSAP-2009 by appointing local consultants (those are internationally recognized) with following inclusive process.
The press conference titled “BCCSAP-2009 Review: Must be done by local consultants and Inclusive Process” was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, Syed Aminul Hoque from the same organization presented the key notes on behalf of the networks. Among others, Mr. Mizanur Rahaman Bijoy of Network on Climate Change Bangladesh, Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust, Mr. Prodip K Roy of Center for Sustainable Rural Live livelihood and Motaher Hossen of Bangladesh Climate Journalist forum spoke at the event.
In the key note presentation, Syed Aminul Hoque said, as a condition of donor financial support, so called foreign experts are being involved in this review process, those have no experience on country’s climate context, peoples’ demand and future government strategies in this regard. So, we are worried that, it will hamper the country’s interest, if they are involved with this review process. Aminul Hoque also placed a few demands to make the government review proposal effective and country interest bearing. Those are; i. BCCSAP Review must be done following inclusive process with mass participation, ii. Review should focus coastal vulnerability and their survival strategy that means adaptation should be focused as priority, iii. Mitigation action must be limited in reviewed BCCSAP considering the reality of GHG (Green House Gas) emission and by no means will force or create pressure for vulnerable people and iv. The reviewed BCCSAP will be consistence with country’s other long term development policies like 7th Five year Plan and SDG (Sustainable Development Goal) targets.

Mizanur Rahaman Bijoy said, BCCSAP is a state document and it was declared as a living document during its development. So, our government will have to own this and it must be reviewed with the participation of climate vulnerable people, political leaders and CSOs. Hiring so called foreign experts is not an appropriate strategy in this regard.
Aminur Rasul said, there are needs to ensure necessary coordination among the ministries to make an effective review of our BCCSAP, because this is an important document for international assistance and all ministries somehow have responsibility and will have to implement program related with climate change at present and future.
Prodip.K. Roy said, we have done PRSP (Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper) by foreign consultant, but didn’t get good result. In case of developing planning document like BCCSAP, we should not go for such mistake again that will damage us and our interest.
Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD said that we have enough internationally recognized Bangladeshi consultants those are able to do it very effectively. He urge to government to facilitate country driven process for BCCSAP review.
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IMG_0837_IndexDhaka, 13th May 2017. Today in a seminar title “UN Global Compacts and Climate Displacement: Bangladeshi Civil Society Perspective” held at CIRDAP auditorium, in the seminars multi stakeholders are suggested “Government and Civil Society should work together to influence UN (United Nation) Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees to be prepared by the middle of 2018.” It should be noted that during September 2016 an UN summit has adopted resolution to prepare two global compacts by 2018. Consultation in international and regional level has already planned in this regard. The seminar was organized by COAST and EquityBD from Bangladesh, Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) from Switzerland and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) from Norway. The seminar was chaired by Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman Chairman PKSF, moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of COAST and EquityBD. Key speakers of the seminar were, Dr Rustam Ali Farazi MP (Member of Parliament), Foreign Secretary Mr. Shahidul Haque, Dr. Atiq Rahman of BCAS (Bangladesh Centre for Advance Studies) , Mr Abdusattar Esoev Deputy Country Representative from IoM (International Office of Migration), Dr. Sharmind Neelormi from JU (Jahangirnagar University), Mrs Nahida Sobhan Director General MoFA (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Dr. Neelopal Adri from BIDS (Bangaldesh Institute of Development Studies), Mr Shamsuddoha of CPRD (Centre of Participatory Research and Development) , Ms Catherine Cecil from Brithish Council, Mr Sayed Shamsul Haque from WRBEE and Mr. Shasanka Shadi from BRAC. Mr Sayed Aminul Haque from COAST has presented the key note presentation.
Mr Sayed Aminul Haque of COAST in his key note presentation suggested the two global compacts should review of international legal regime to include climate displacement issues; there should be acceptable definition, plan of action and follow up mechanism in this regard. He also suggested that within the country government of Bangladesh should formed internal displacement policy, formed climate commission to made effective integration and lead the international climate negotiation. Mrs Nahida Sobhan from MoFA gave a detail background of the process. Dr Sharmind Neelormi from JU and Ms. Neelopal Adri said more studies needed on the issue to strengthen knowledge and evidence base.
Dr. Atiq Rahaman of BCAS said that climate displacement is a manmade problem as developed country emits high level of carbon. He suggested MoFA should coordinate with civil society to have effective global compacts. IoM Deputy Country Representative Mr. Abdusattar said that climate displaced should be termed as “Environmental Migrants”.
Foreign Secretary Mr Sahidul Haque said that, next two years civil society and government need to work together to influence the global compacts process, where climate displacement should not be separated from mobility issue and “Nansen Protection Agenda” should be considered as a base which has been signed by 107 countries . Dr. Rustam Ali Farazi MP said that, government should also do with its own resources to protect the people. Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman the Chair of the seminar said that, civil society, government and agencies has to work together as they are for the people, as climate displacement is becoming acute problem in Bangladesh.
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DMS_0618_IndexDhaka, 19th February 2017. Today a seminar title “Protecting Bangladesh Coast from Climate Catastrophes: Actions Prior to Next Monsoon” jointly organized by Office of the Dr Hasan Mahmud, Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest in cooperation with COAST Trust, speakers emphasized the protection of coastal land and people could be done from country’s own resources, and in this regard Water Development Board has to be restructured and must coordinate with other government ministries. The seminar was chaired by Dr Hasan Mahmud, moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of COAST Trust. Special Guest of the seminar was Mr Abduallah Al Islam MP Deputy Minister, other speakers are Dr Ainun Nishat Professor of Emirates BRAC University; Mr. Ponchanon Biswas MP; Mrs Zebunnesa Afroz MP, Mr Ponkaz Nath MP; Mr Shiekh Nurul Haque MP and Mr. Didarul Islam MP. Mr Mujibul Haque Munir of COAST Trust gave the key note presentation.
Mr Mujibul Haque Munir in his key note presentation, apart from the long term impact of climate change in Bangladeshi coastal area, he presented the gloomy experiences of embankment construction with emergency allocation which has given after cyclone Roanu i.e. after last moon soon. He said about discrepancies of original plan and actual work, hardly 50 % of the work has done so far, although there are lot of concern on quality. He express worries, if this sorry state will prevail then again coastal population will suffer tidal surge and related crisis again in next monsoon. Apart from long term solutions, he proposed (i) full transparency and accountability of the Water Development Board (WDB) officials to the local community and to local governments, (ii) there should be coordination of Local Government Engineering Department (LGED), Relief Ministry in this regard and (iii) there should be especial allocation to the Upazila Parishad for emergency work in next monsoon.
Mr Didarul Islam MP of Sitakundu, Mrs Zebunnesa MP of Barisal, Mr Pankaz Nath MP of Mehediganj, Mr Shiekh Nurul Haque MP of Koira, Mr Ponchanon Biswas of Khulna also narrated sorry state of their constituency which in fact still unprotected from river erosion and tidal surge, people are worried for incoming monsoon. They have emphasized sluice gate reactivation, canal revaccinations and dredging, river management in their area, drinking water crisis acute in their area too. They also said that presence of WDB officials in the field are found minimum.
Dr Ainun Nishat has said that, embankment height in coastal area have to be increased up to 7 meter, participation of local community, transparency and accountability to them should must in WDB work. He criticized the present preparation of Delta plan as proposed by donors. Dr Hasan Mahmud Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee said that, political leaders should come forward in suggesting that how the government can do their coastal protection work with country’s own local resource mobilization. He also said that the World Bank should not come forward with the proposal of giving loan to Bangladesh in this regard. He emphasized that, WDB has to restructure and there must be coordination with LGED, Relief Ministry and Shipping Ministry for protecting Bangladesh coast.
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Index_11Bangladesh is already one of the most climate vulnerable nations in the world, and global warming will bring more floods, stronger cyclones. At the dry fish yards, close to the airport at the coastal town of Cox’s Bazar, women are busy sorting fish to dry in the sun. They say the process, which begins in October, can continue through to February or March if the weather is good.

But Aman Ullah Shawdagor, a dry fish businessman who employs 70 people, says high tides and seasonal changes have hit his business hard. Last year there were four cyclones, more than ever before. In 2015, there was only one.
Bangladeshi surfer with ambitions to become chairman of the board
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“My business is not doing so well because of the changing weather conditions,” says Shawdagor. “This is a dry season business. But for the last couple of years, the rain has become more frequent. It rains not only in the rainy season but also in the winter. There have also been more signals [storm warnings] with the rise in high tides. When the high tide comes, it frequently covers the whole of the land here. It is very bad for the dry fish.”

Nurul Hashem, a schoolteacher from Kutubdia Para, a nearby shanty town where many of the dry fish workers live, has also noted the trend. “We believe the water level is getting higher here,” he says. “Last year, my home was under water three or four times.”

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IndexA row of mangrove trees sticking out of the sand, exposed by low tide off Kutubdia island in the Bay of Bengal, is all that remains of a coastal village that for generations was home to 250 families. The villagers were forced to flee as their land, which had been slowly eroding for decades, was finally engulfed by the ever-rising tide five years ago.

For the embattled people of Ali Akbar Dial, a collection of disappearing villages on the southern tip of the island in Bangladesh, the distant trees serve as a bittersweet reminder of what they have lost and a warning of what is come. The low-lying island of Kutubdia has one of the fastest-ever sea level rises recorded in the world, placing it bang on the front line of climate change, and the islanders are fighting a battle they fear is already lost. [click here for full report]

index_9599Dhaka 10th December 2016. National and International civil society rights groups working for the rights of migrants expressed their solidarity for the climate migrants’ rights. They were speaking at a seminar organized yesterday (9th December) in a hotel in Dhaka. The seminar titled “Climate Displacement: Promoting and Protecting the Climate Migrants’ Rights” organized jointly by Action Aid, COAST Trust, Climate Action Network for South Asia (CANSA), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (equityBD) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
Dr. Hasan Mahmud, MP, Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest was the Chief Guest of the seminar while it was chaired by Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman, Chairman, PKSF. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD moderated the seminar and Mr. Henrik Widht, Deputy Head of Mission, Norwegian Embassy in Bangladesh, Dr. Gopal Krishna Siwakoti, Ex-Chairman of Asia Pacific Refugee Right Networks, Ms. Sarnata Reynolds, Policy Advisor of Oxfam International, Mr. Sanjay Vashist, Co Chair of CANSA, Mr Harjeet Singh of Action Aid International, Mr. Atle Solberg, Head of the Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD), Coordination Unit and Ms. Farah Kabir of Action Aid Bangladesh also spoke at the occasion as panel discussants. Participants from India, Nepal, Philippines, Jordan, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Norway, USA, South Africa also participated on the open discussion. About 80 international CSO leaders participated in the seminar.
Mr Harjeet Singh said, the issue of climate migrants is not in the Paris Climate Agreement, there are efforts to include the issue in the Warsaw Implementation Mechanism. Bangladesh is playing an important role in this regard.
Sanjay Vashist said, Bangladesh is most suffered due to climate forced displacement. In Bangladesh, internal migration is severe compared to cross border migration.
Atle Solberg said, PDD is a state-led platform working with the issue of climate migrants. We have already working with a non-binding sate declaration on climate migrants. I think states have to do more in this regard.
Dr. Gopal Krishna Siwakoti said, the issue of Climate Migrants is also an important issue of the Global Forum of Migration Development (GFMD). We CSO leaders from various parts of the world, working with migration issue express our solidarity for the rights of climate migrants.
Ms. Sarnata Reynolds said, UN is going to prepare ‘Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration’, CSO has to play an active role in this regard. Developed countries are nit that mush interested; we have to push them for a positive change.
Mr. Henrik Widht said, we are very much concern over the situation of climate displacement of Bangladesh. Bangladesh as well as the international governments have to achieve a rational solution of that problem.
Dr. Hasan Mahmud said, Due to internal migration the population of the Dhaka City has been increased almost 10 times within last 15 years. To address the crises of climate migrants Geneva Convention on migration has to be revised.
Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman said, Global communities have to come forward to get a solution for the climate migrants; migrant community leaders have to be very much active in this regard.
Please Download [Bangla Press] [English Press] [Position Paper] [ “The Humanity Passport” Bangla ] [ “The Humanity Passport” English] [Background Note on Protecting Climate Induced Migration] [Action paper on Protecting Climate Migrants in all crises] [Seminar Report]

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Dhaka, 28 November 2016. A group of Rights Based Civil Society Networks has expressed their deep concern and frustration about the outcome of the recently held CoP22, Marrakech Climate Conference, since this conference has failed to fulfill needs and demands of the Least Development Courtiers (LVC) and Most Vulnerable Countries (MVC).  The roadmap of the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement was supposed to be finalized from this conference, but it has also not been possible. A group of eight networks placed their position in this regard today in a press conference held in the National Press Club.  The group also opines that, the issue of climate change and international negotiations should not be handled by the ministry of Environment and Forest, rather it must be handle by an independent Climate Change Commission.

The Press Conference titled ‘Out come of the CoP22: Analysis and proposal from Civil Society’ was jointly organized by Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Climate Journalist Forum (BCJF), Bangladesh Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), CSRL, EquityBD and FEJB.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBd moderated the press conference while Mustafa Kamal Akand gave the welcome speech.  Mr Qumrul Chowdhury of FEJB, Syad Aminul Haque of EquityBD, Pradip Kumar Roy of CSRL and Md. Mujibul Haque Munir of EquityBD also spoke at the occasion.

Syaed Aminul  Haque Said,  During the tenure of the present minister for the ministry of Environment and Forest, inclusion and spaces for the civil society representatives  in the government delegation to the climate conference has been abridged. Two senior civil society leaders who have been leading the Bangladesh negotiation team for years did not join this CoP, this is a loss for the country.  Their absence disrupts the continuity of the Bangladesh negotiation; they used to ensure communication and balance among the government team and the civil society representatives.  He also says, climate change is a national issue, but we don’t see any interest in this regard among the political parties out of power including the main opposition party. We think the Bangladesh government negotiation team should include representatives from parties other than the party in power.

Md. Mujibul Haque Munir said, we are too much frustrated over the outcome of this climate conference since ignorance and tendency of avoiding responsibilities of the rich countries to the climate vulnerable countries seemed to be very much acute e.g. rich countries did not provide any clear Roadmap resulting of 100 billion dollar yearly. They did not agree on providing fund under the Loss and Damage issue, only a commitment of 81 million dollar for the adaptation fund has been made in CoP22. This type of position of the rich countries will lead the Climate Genocide in the LDCs and MVCs

Mr. Qumrul Chowdhury said, the conference was supposed decide on eight specific agenda, but only one decision has been taken. That is why we are so much frustrated. We think, to get financial support from international climate change fund, transparency and accountability within country level fund management must be ensured.  Otherwise we will not able to get fund we need to face the challenges of the climate change.

Pardip Kumar Roy said, The LVCs and MVCs clearly expect a leadership role of Bangladesh in the climate change negotiation.   Bangladesh should be very much active and vocal in this regard.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh negotiation team has some meritorious and skilled government officers, but there was clear lack of political guidance, which in turn weakened Bangladeshi’s position in the conference.   We think climate change issue is not an issue of the ministry of Environment and forest, rather like Philippine, we demand an independent Climate Change Commission in this regard. At least we demand the Prime Minister to lead the climate negotiation process. Last edited: April 2, 2017
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Marrakech 17 November 2016. Today, just one day before of the conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference, civil society rights group representing LDCs and MVCs have organized a press conference is CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference at press conference room Dakhla, they expressed dismay on possible conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference.  In their groups position paper, they said that US president elect Donald Trump’s possible threats on possible pull out from Paris Agreement (PA), the climate multilateral deal, indecisions of developed countries in respect of enhancing mitigation ambitions, very little or no commitment in respect of financing especially for adaptation and mitigation of loss and damages, finally inaction in respect of climate induced displacement from this conference will lead to and aggravate climate genocide in LDCs and MVCs.

They cite examples from a recent (14th Nov 2016) World Bank and Global Facility of Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)’s released report that, there will be 26 million new poor individuals and a loss of $520 billion worth of asset and services annually due to natural disasters. The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD Bangladesh, other speakers of the press conference was Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, Azeb Girmi from ENDA Ethiopia and LDC Watch Brussels, and Justine Ginnetti of IDMC (International Displacement Monitoring Center), Geneva.

Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, insisted to fix the temperature pick year for the three different set of countries which is for developed countries 2020, for developing countries 2025 and for the least developed countries the picking year should be 2035. He express hoped that Facilitative Dialogue 2018 should  pave the process in this regard to raise mitigation ambition high even before 2023, otherwise the earth will face inevitable raise in temperature level of 3.4 degree Celsius, which will result is much more climate catastrophes especially for LDCs and MVCs. Azeb Girmi form ENDA Etheopia and LDC Watch said that pre 2020 road map for $100 billion commitment is still not clear, she demand there should clear road map on this for pre and post 2020 situation, she also demand separate fund for Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) in respect of loss and damage. Justine Ginneti of IDMC Geneva mentioned that there are 172.3 million disaster related displacement since 2008, 21.5 millions in each year and 58 thousand displacements in a day. Rezaul Karim Chowdury of EquityBD said that more funding in respect of adaptation may help to reduce displacement and disaster related death, but all above displacement require a political decision in view of human rights and justice framework. Last Edited: April 2, 2017

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