Climate justice

Bali, 9th October 2018: As the signatory of Grand Bargain Principles (an UN led discourse of WHS) World Bank is urged to promote localization i.e. partnering with the local organizations in Cox’s Bazar, in the Rohingya refugee responses in Bangladesh.

Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, Executive Director of COAST Trust and Co-Chair of CCNF (Cox’s Bazar CSO-NGO Forum) made this urge in his speech during the session titled ‘Meet with EDs of World Bank’. He announces 3 concrete proposals for the World Bank for the Rohingya refugee response in Cox’s Bazar and those are:
1. To prepare a Rohingya pooled fund in view of GB commitment to promote local NGOs and Community who are leading the response.
2. To support GOB in view of UNHCR solidarity paper to support and assist the government of Bangladesh in macro-economic level, and
3. To consider support GOB for area development approach in Cox’s Bazar to promote economic, social and human development potentialities in the long run.

Mr. Hasan, Dean of EDs of World Bank, Ms. Aparna, ED responsible for Bangladesh were also present in the meeting that took place on 9th October 2018 in Bali, Indonesia.

In his speech, Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury thanked the WB president Dr. Jim for announcing half a billion USD for Rohingya response. He also mentioned that we had an opportunity to meet Dr. Jim along with UNSG and hand over a memorandum in this relation.

Mr. Reza raised question in his speech that why WB should not prepare a plan for localization so that local NGOs / CSOs and local communities would lead a humanitarian and development efforts through a ‘Whole of Society Approach’ (WOSA) as WB is one of the signatories of GB (Grand Bargain). He stressed on reducing the fund management cost through a pragmatic reduction of the internationalized response approach.

Mr. Reza also said, the Government of Bangladesh deserves more macro-economic level solidarity support and Cox’s Bazar requires more area development support during the refugee response. Otherwise, this will create vulnerability in the long run for the local people as well as the national economy.

Dean of EDs Mr. Hasan said in response that partnering with local NGOs is a reality of political economy.

Ms Aparna the ED responsible for Bangladesh accepted the notion of Mr. Reza and said that partnering with local NGOs is a smart partnership.

While explaining the Grand Bargain, Mr. Reza said, WB is the distinguished signatory of GB commitments where there are 10 workstreams with 51 indicators. Important feature is stream 2 i.e. localization, that means giving the steering of humanitarian response to the local actors e.g. local government and local NGOs. It also means, the reduction of transaction cost through effective coordination and continuous striving, accountability to the local community and affected population, and finally, use of local knowledge and local resources. [Click here for video link]

Today 14 June 2018, nine civil society networking organizations on climate change coordinated by COAST Trust and EquityBD has organized a press conference at national press club and demand to give focus climate resilient Infrastructure development for climate Financing in upcoming national budget for 2018-19 fiscal year. They also criticize government for coating the traditional development budget as climate finance. They urged government to ensure adequate and additional new budget for climate resilient economy and building adaptive capacity of coastal people.

The press conference is moderated by M Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, Chief Moderator of EquityBD and key demand is read out by Syed Aminul Hoque of same organization. Among the others, Mr. Quamrul Islam Chowdhury, President-Federation Environment Journalist Forum Bangladesh, Motahar Hossain, Secretary-Climate Change Journalist Forum, Mrinal Kanti of Bangladesh Indigenous People Network on Climate Change and Badrul Alam of Bangladesh agriculture federation has spoken in the event favor of the demands.

Presenting the key demand, Syed Aminul Hoque said, this is good that government is preparing report on climate finance but observation showing on 2018-19 proposed budget for climate finance amount BDT 18,948 crore (8.82% of proposed budget) in fact color coating of climate finance on traditional development expenditure those done in previous. Following this observation, the group made four recommendation for 2018-19 new budget those are (i) Government must ensure new and additional budget as climate finance out of traditional allocation (ii) Separate between growth orient infrastructure and climate fighting infrastructure and will make allocation accordingly to save climate vulnerable people (iii) Expedite the preparation of NAP-National Adaptation Plan with mass participation and ensure budget for required adaptation finance, (iv) Ensure transparency and accountability of climate finance along with BCCTF-Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund.

Mr. Quamrul Islam said that the proposed climate finance is inadequate to fight climate change impact. Apart govt. suffering lack of capacity of her NIEs (National Implementing Entities) to influence the global climate financing process. He recommended to build up NIEs capacity to mobilize additional global finance that ease govt. to more support on climate finance.

Mr. Rezaul Karim opined, that government should follow her own climate change strategy plan, identify the climate hot spots for appropriate climate action and allocate budget accordingly through setting priority to develop specific climate resilient infrastructure.

Mr. Badrul Alam said that implementing climate finance activities under “Trust Fund” is questionable to mass as this has hardly impact in climate change arena. Even this year government didn’t allocate money for this fund which is a setback for implementing climate change action plans. He demand to engage the mass with the process, implementation and monitoring of trust fund. Motahar Hossain said cyclone SIDR and Aila has damaged major part of coastal embankments those we need to construct with new high to face tidal surge. Apart salinity is a new problem looming cause of mass displacement. Government should importance these issues and increase budgetary allocation.
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Today November 23 2017, Civil Society leaders have meet a press conference on post CoP 23 latest outcome and urged government to be prepared for next Facilitative Dialogue start in January 2018. They also recommended to present strong historical and current evidence-base context in receiving of global support on MVC’s Issues (Adaptation and Loss & Damage financing) in the discourse of political phase (participation of ministers of the parties) under this Facilitative Dialogue.
The Press conference titled “CoP 23 Outcome: Govt. Must be Prepared with strong evidence-base context for Next Facilitative Dialogue 2018 under CoP 24” held at Dhaka Reporters Unity where Dr. Atiq Rahaman of BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advance Study), Mr. Quamrul Islam Chowdhury (Forum on Environmental Journalist, Bangladesh-FEJB) and Md. Motahar Hossen (Climate Journalist Forum-CJF) have participated and spoke. Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from EquityBD has moderate the press conference and briefing note on CoP outcome is presented by Aminul Hoque.
Briefing on the CoP outcome, Aminul Hoque said that CoP has made only successful progress especially to design the format and its principle of participation of upcoming Facilitative Dialogue 2018 that created scope for Bangladesh to present the story and build empathy & trust (Ref; CoP 23 official Deceleration, Annex II “Approach Talanoa Dialogue”). So our government should take this opportunities and present strong evidence-base on historical and current context to draw global attention and favor support in Financing and Technologies for MVCs survival through adaptation and resilient building.
Mr. Quamrul Islam Chowdhury said that CoP 23 in fact failure to reach with an appropriate framework for Loss and Damage and financing issues which is long standing issue for MVCs. The latest CoP decision in fact deferred the MVCs interest and expectations. However, we have to do intellectual work with this issue to show the capacity for access in finance and Loss & Damage.
Md. Motahar Hossen said that upcoming Facilitative Dialogue has structured with three generic topics for discourse those are i. Who are we? Ii. Where do we want to go? and iii. How do we get there? So government should prepare accordingly with evidence-base for next CoP, but doing this in prior, inclusive dialogue with different level stakeholder is must at national level developing country position.
Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that this is good to progress made in CoP 23 on agriculture and gender action but less progress in global issues like temperature goal. This is also good sign that Bangladesh has re-elected four working group in CoP. Next facilitative dialogue is a chance for BD to get effective result and further need to work intensively.
Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said that Bangladesh has been participating in CoP but less preparation officially. This has been observing since last couple of years where it’s difficult to assess country position and also difficult for CSOs to paly appropriate pro-government role in CoP. Less coordination between govt. delegation and Bangladeshi CSOs also now wider. So we urge to govt. to look on this issue giving very importance for next CoP-24. Apart govt. should ensure accountability of those are participating in CoP holding govt. delegation badge but didn’t play any contribution for govt.
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Today November 15 2017, in CoP 23 Global Climate Negotiation in Bonn, Civil Society leaders have meet a press conference and demanded for positive role from developed countries to make the Paris Agreement effective in post 2020 period lowering global temperature. The also demand to ensure pre and post 2020 financial support in paying their obligatory responsibility to survive of MVCs (Most Vulnerable Countries) through adaptation and resilient building.
The Press conference titled “MVC & LDC’s Peoples’ Interest and CoP 23” held at the meeting room 02 in Bonn climate conference center. Dr. Hasan Mahmud (Honorable MP and Chair parliamentary standing Committee on Ministry of Forest & Environment, Bangladesh), Dr Atiq Rahaman (Bangladesh Centre for Advance Study-BCAS), Md. Ziaul Hoque Mukta (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood-CSRL) from Bangladesh, Mr. Soumya Datta (Energy & Climate Group-India) and Hemantha Withanage (Centre for Environmental Justice) from Sri Lanka have participated. The key note is presented by Aminul Hoque (EquityBD) from Bangladesh.
Presenting of key demand, Aminul Hoque said that the bleak ongoing performance and progress on CoP 23 negotiation is frustrated for us and there have no particular interest especially on long term finance through public sources and ensuring technical support for MVC and LDCs (Least Developed Countries) those are most vulnerable. He condemned developed country Parties for submitting the LDCs draft conclusions to CoP without any discussion and negotiation. Refereeing the above concerns, he asked to develop country parties to play their positive role in achieving the Paris Agreement following the principle of CBDRRC “Common But Differentiate Responsibility and Respected Capacity”.
Mr. Soumya said that making the rulebook on implementing the Paris Agreement is very much inadequate and itself flout. If we want really a transformative changes, the finance is crucial. But the rich countries are playing a dirty game, because the US$100 billion dream is not coming anywhere yet and leveraging the private finance to make burden for MVC & LDCs in the name of climate finance. So it’s better to start repent the financing agreement and its process. The rulebook talks a lot about reporting, verification and review, but these cannot be productive until it owned by the rich countries that finance is really need to lowering global temperature.
Dr. Atiq Rahaman said climate impacts are growing in South Asian countries. In last six month of this year, Bangladesh has faced three consecutive natural disaster and experiencing huge loss and damage on agriculture and now become a food import country. Poor are paying the price and rich are not paying. In the clear evidence on climate impact, Paris Agreement is appeared a loose contract and the rulebook has tried to make effective and we hope that developed countries will do it must to save the earth and people as because leaders are there now.

Dr. Hasan Mahmud said that in fact we are not really satisfied on CoP outcome every year and even we are now struggling to Paris Agreement effective despite as a loose agreement indeed, but honestly said that the progress is not impressive. In case financing, GCF progress is frustrating and less than 10% of fund available for countries but access is very difficult for us those demand for adaptation. Climate induce displacement and migration issue is lost in the climate talk. So voice from the civil society is louder that must be heard by the global leaders and off course create an impact.
Hemantha said that Every time we come to the CoP with lot of hope but back to the home losing all our expectations. In this CoP, we are seeing the rich countries paying a very bad game. In case Loss & Damage financing USA, Australia and European Countries has been oppose many of these action and deferred to 2019. That’s why we worried to suffering with many climatic hazard in South Asian countries. So it needed to immediate decision on financial support under a dedicated financial mechanism for addressing loss and damage. We support Maldives representing AOSIS, calling for operationalizing the WIM so that it fulfills its original vision and delivers for people on the ground.
In moderating the press conference, Mr. Ziaul Haque Mukta said that developed countries has denied the pre 2020 ambition commitment (implementation of 2nd commitment of Kyoto Protocol) and in fact evaded their responsibility that is frustrating. We demand to polluters to reduce their emission immediately.
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Today November 08 2017, in CoP 23 Global Climate Negotiation in Bonn, CSOs (Civil Society Organizations), Development agencies, Rights Activist have meet a dialogue in CoP 23 side event programs and demand stronger action to ensure rights and dignity for climate induced displaced people and cross border migration. They also expect that the newly formed “Task Force for Displacement” will play their role to design appropriate framework to address the climate displacement issue.

The seminar has jointly organize by COAST Trust Bangladesh, OXFAM International and NRC (Norwegian Refugee Council) and held following the title “Uprooted by Climate change: Responding to the growing risk of displacement” at the meeting room 07 in Bon global climate conference, where CSOs, International & national level development agencies and rights activist form different countries have participated. The dialogue is moderated by Mr. Atle Solberg of PDD (Platform of Disaster Displacement) and OXFAM international has presented a briefing paper on climate displacement issues. Among others Mrs. Nina Birkeland (Advisor, NRC), Aminul Hoque from EquityBD and Jahangir Hossen Masum from CDP, Bangladesh spoke in the dialogue.

Presenting the briefing paper on Displacement, Mr. Simon said that, during the period of 2008-16 more than 24 million people displaced from lower income countries and 0.8 million from developed countries. This is happened due to changing the climate that increased devastative sudden onset event like hurricane in USA as well as slow onset events like sea level rise, drought in mostly south Asia and African countries. He made the example showing case of Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Kiribati and recommended for stronger action towards ending global climate pollution, supporting resilient communities, ensuring rights for people on the move, and developing long-term strategies to ensure those who are forced to move in future are able to do so safely and with dignity.

Mr. Aminul Hoque said that Bangladesh has been experiencing average 1.2 million internal displacement yearly and last six month in 2017, at least 0.8 million people have been displaced internally where around 10-15% of this displaced are unable to back their home due to damage the habitat permanently. Apart, increasing climatic impact fall our government in financial deficit in long term and undermine the capacity to enhance the necessary development program. So properly addressing the issue global cooperation needed with both humanitarian and financial support ensure.

Mrs Nina Birkeland (NRC) said that the newly formed Task Force on disaster displacement has mandate to develop an approach that minimize and address the displacement. Regarding the issue, Task Force will assess the knowledge on slow onset events, provide an overview on data source and develop a common methodology that will work properly.

Moderating the dialogue, Mr. Atle Solberg said that PDD has been working with government to ensure and protect the rights of climate displacement internally and cross border migration. Apart in 2018, negotiation will take place on finalizing the Global Compact on Refugee where we have to influence and peruse to the global discourse to address the climate displacement issue.

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November 07, 2017, in CoP 23 Global Climate Negotiation in Bonn, Civil Society leaders of South Asia have meet a press conference and demand to develop the Paris Agreement Rulebook through Inclusive, Participatory and Transparent process with Accountability Mechanism.
The Press conference titled “MVC & LDC’s Peoples’ Interest and CoP 23” held at the meeting room 02 in Bonn climate conference center where representatives of different CSO leader like Santosh Patnaik (Climate Action Network-South Asia) from India, Md. Jahangir Hossen Masum (Coastal Development Partnership) and Md. Ziaul Hoque Mukta (Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) from Bangladesh and Hemantha Withanage (Center for Environmental Justice) from Sri Lanka have participated and spoke. The key demand was presented by Aminul Hoque (EquityBD) from Bangladesh.
Presenting of key demand, Aminul Hoque said, due to inaction of global leaders to climate change issues, global warming already reached more than 0.85 degree Celsius which worsening the climate scenario, increasing global inequalities and impacts already distorting our livelihood economies in MVC & LDCs. So that the ongoing discourse on “Paris implementing rulebook” must ensure compliance with the Agreement lowering global warming. Developed countries must stepping to operationalization of the UNFCCC’s equity principles (Paris Agreement Clause 3), and the process of five-yearly global stock takes ensure effective driving to increased mitigation, adaptation and financial support for LDC & MVCs.
Md. Masum said, we are in fact worried about preparation of Rulebook and its process, because many development agencies and countries have been developing the rulebook targeting the Paris Agreement. So we urge that Paris Rulebook is for people not just a paper on mitigation, finance etc. and that’s why it would be develop through Inclusive, Participatory and Transparent process. Mr. Santosh Kumar said that, South Asian countries are in fore front of climate vulnerability and any impact has an effect to other countries. This is the real issue need to be address in a wider way in CoP negotiation that facilitate people to relocate with dignity.
Mr. Hemantha Withanage said that, it necessary to repeatedly remind the develop countries has an obligation to put adequate resource in to the climate financing. Report says that by 2020, US$ 50 billion and by 2030 will be needed more than 100 billion/yr. but this money is not coming and people suffering. That’s why country have to make big budget for disaster management which undermine real development. So developed countries should be accountable to appropriate finance at least climate issues, rather than own interest focus.
In moderating the press conference, Mr. Ziaul Haque Mukta said that though we have reached the Paris Agreement but not satisfied on the outcome. However hope to see the rulebook will work for poor and vulnerable people and their survival.

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Dhaka, 30 October 2017. Today eleven Civil Society Organizations (CSO) has demanded transparent and coordinative government role from government delegation in Bonn climate conference and to take positon for easy access from GCF (Green Climate Fund) as Most Vulnerable Country (MVC). They made this demand in national seminar title “CoP 23 Bonn Climate Conference: Expectation from CSOs in view of Implementing Paris Agreement” that held at National Press Club, Dhaka. They seminar were jointly organized by BAPA, BIPNetCCBD, BCJF, CSRL, CDP, CPRD, Brac University, BCAS, ICCCAD, COAST and EquityBD.

The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD and key note presented by Syed Aminul Hoque from same organization. Dr. Qazi Kholikuzzaman, Chairman-PKF and official Coordinator of Bangladesh Government Climate Negotiation Team has chaired the seminar. Dr. Hasan Mahmud MP, Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoE&F) has participated as chief guest. Among other speaker Dr. Atiq Rahman of BCAS,  Md. Raseduzzaman, Director,  Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), Mr. Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB (Forum of Environmental Journalist in Bangladesh), Mr. Tanvir Mahmud from British Council, Mr. Prodip K Roy from CSRL (Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) spoke in the seminar.

In the key note presentation Aminul Hoque said that Bangladesh frequently suffer of climate change impact but getting very less support from the developed countries and different multilateral fund that what they have pledged in different climate conferences. He made four key demands (i) Developed countries must increase their ambition target based on science toward reducing global warming, (ii) Ensure easier access to GCF for most vulnerable countries without any condition of co-financing, (iii) Include new text on “Country goal on Adaptation” instead of so called global goal of adaptation and (iv) Include climate migration issues in the process of Loss & Damage work stream.

Dr. Qazi Kholikuzzaman said that GCF has been changing their rule & process frequently bypassing their funding principle which is problem for MVCs. Now access to GCF is very complicated and we off course take position on this issue in CoP 23. He also said that Bangladesh has position especially will give stress to implement the commitment those given by developed countries through Paris Agreement (PA).

Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that we have been suffering and paying most despite have no responsibility for changing our climate. PA is become a loose agreement as there CBDR policy (Common but Differentiate Responsibility) has not included. He urged for our interest, govt. should develop special ministry of climate change who will continue the chronology of global negotiation and get expected output over time.

Dr. Hasan Mahmud said that global temperature may go  up to more than three degree centigrade if the present INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution), which is in fact not at all sufficient to save mother earth. He urged developed countries must raise their ambition in respect of mitigation. He urged global CSOs to raise voice in this regard.
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Today 24 August 2017 in an Experience & knowledge sharing workshop on low carbon development, the CSO representatives have demanded of govt. policy cooperation to promote Eco-Village development to achieve the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). They also opine that government should adopt Eco-village development as one of their core strategies of low carbon development and to ensure the long term socio-economic development as sustainable.
The workshop titled “Evidence Based Advocacy for Low Carbon, Pro-Poor Sustainable Eco-Village Development (EVD)” is held COAST Trust conference room, Shamoli, Dhaka which is moderated by Syed Aminul Hoque from EquityBD. Dr. Atiq Rahaman of BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advance Studies) and Mrs. Salima Jahan, Member Policy Research SREDA (Renewable Energy Development Authority, Ministry of Power & Energy) are participated as expert guest. Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from EquityBD, Mr. Santosh Patnaik of CANSA (Climate Action Network South Asia), Ms. Lykke Valentin, Project Coordinator, EVD Project, DIB-Denmark, Mr. Shailendra Yashwant Kharat, Consultant, India and Mr. Mahabub Alam of Grammeen Shakti has presented their key notes on Eco-village concept. Among others Mr. Shamsuddoha of CPRD (Centre for Participatory research & Development), Md. Jahangir Hossen of CDP (Coastal Development Partnership), Mr. Mihir Biswas of BAPA (Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon), Mr. Prodip K Roy of CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) and Altab Hossen of Samakal are spoke and shared their experiences related with Eco-village expansion, perspective, challenges and policy development.
In key note present and experience sharing, Mr Santosh said that concept Eco-village development is affordable for communities, local ownership, co-benefit with poverty reduction and also reducing carbon emission. So fighting climate change in South Asia region, eco-village is imperative. The eco-village included the simple solution of implementing solar energy, improve stove, rain water harvesting and organic or non-pesticide agriculture through community participation in the countries.
On the issue of eco-village development, Dr. Atiq Rahaman said that we have huge opportunities to promote the issue for sustainable development in Bangladesh, Apart we also can take mutual learning each other in South Asia region developing appropriate policy, business model and technology.
Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh is treated as “Climate Ground Zero” and facing huge climatic hazard causing livelihood and asset loss. The context required both mitigation and adaptation strategies and action for sustainable development in our country that support through eco-village development concept.
Mr. Mahmudul Hasan Eco-village is very relevant and commensurate with govt. “One house-One Farm” project. This project can be included the solar energy process, bio-gas and organic pesticide for agriculture that will support our poor people and families for poverty alleviation with sustainable development ultimately. So government should provide necessary support in both finance and technical through overarching and holistic approach following SDGs.
Mr. Jahangir Hossen Masum said that our country has been facing huge energy deficiency and we think it would be hard to reach with electricity by govt. by 2030. But govt. strategies are contradict with his present action as they are implementing carbon oriented power produce. In this context renewable energy is the best opportunity that will contribute expansion energy supply and alongside save the money for govt.
Mihir Biswas opined, climate change impacts negatively in our coastal areas where salinity and water crisis are severe now. Many NGOs are in exercise with new and alternative technologies but rain water harvesting is new in this area. However we have to choose suitable and sustainable technologies those are fit in our context and in case of rain water harvesting, we can take regional experience and support from them.
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IMG_1824_Index_1Dhaka, 20 June 2017. Today in a seminar held at CIRDAP auditorium titled “Climate Change: Bangladesh and Bay of Bengal Regional Cooperation” civil society leaders, policy makers and experts urged to strengthen cooperation in the Bay of Bengal region or BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sectoral Technical Economic Cooperation) regional cooperation to tackle climate change problem and also to use natural resources for common public good. The seminar was organized by an NGO (non-government organization) COAST Trust (Coastal Association for Social Transformation) with the assistance from American Centre Dhaka.

The seminar was Chaired by Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmed, Chairman, PKSF (Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation), Chief Guest was Dr. Hasan Mahmud, MP (Member of Parliament), Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on MoE&F (Ministry of Environment and Forest) and Chairman, All Party Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change; Special Guests were Mr. Domang, First Secretary, Royal Bhutan Embessy; Mr. Sanjay Vahsist, Director, Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA), Dr. Kevin Adkin, Climate Change Adaptation Advisor, US Embassy; Mr. Kelly R Ryan Cultural Affairs Officer American Centre Dhaka; Mr. Sojib Ahmed from High Commission of India ; Mr. AHM Bazlur Raham from BNNRC (Bangladesh NGO Network for Radio and Communication). The seminar was moderated by Mr. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury from COAST; key note presentation was given by Dr. Haseeb Md. Irfanullah, IUCN and Mr. Syed Aminul Haque of COAST.

In key note presentation, Sayed Aminul Haque of COAST summarized the presentation from six writers from IMG_1906_Indexsix Bay of Bengal region countries, i.e., in respect of bio diversity management, mangrove management, solid waste management, surface water management, local level adaptation planning and in respect of community adaptations in Bay of Bengal countries like Bhutan, Mayanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh has good examples in respect of tackling climate change problem. Dr. Haseeb Md. Irfanullah from IUCN, gave examples of adaptation technologies and cited that Bangladesh has now become a capital of learning on community level adaptation. He also said that this is a knowledge based monitoring and learning process in the long run and that Bangladesh has to live with the spirit of adaptation.

Mr. Sanjay Vahsist from CANSA said that cooperation in respect of agriculture technologies, water security and energy management should receive priority as agendas in the region for cooperation. There should be long term planning and cross boarder coordinated action. Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman, the Chair of the seminar said that SAARC has already three important declarations in this regard, these are Dhaka, Thimpu and Kathmandu declaration on climate change, but they have little practical ramifications; countries have to give importance on these. Dr. Hasan Mahmud said as the region and the countries would like to get rid of fossil fuel based energy production, the region, especially countries like India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan have enormous opportunity on joint project for hydro electricity production, which is a necessity for economic growth and poverty alleviation of the region.
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IMG_1104_IndexToday 31 May 2017, a group of 30 Rights Based Civil Society Network protested the government initiative to review the BCCSAP-2009 (Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan-2009) by engaging foreign expert. Besides, they also demanded review of the BCCSAP-2009 by appointing local consultants (those are internationally recognized) with following inclusive process.
The press conference titled “BCCSAP-2009 Review: Must be done by local consultants and Inclusive Process” was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, Syed Aminul Hoque from the same organization presented the key notes on behalf of the networks. Among others, Mr. Mizanur Rahaman Bijoy of Network on Climate Change Bangladesh, Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust, Mr. Prodip K Roy of Center for Sustainable Rural Live livelihood and Motaher Hossen of Bangladesh Climate Journalist forum spoke at the event.
In the key note presentation, Syed Aminul Hoque said, as a condition of donor financial support, so called foreign experts are being involved in this review process, those have no experience on country’s climate context, peoples’ demand and future government strategies in this regard. So, we are worried that, it will hamper the country’s interest, if they are involved with this review process. Aminul Hoque also placed a few demands to make the government review proposal effective and country interest bearing. Those are; i. BCCSAP Review must be done following inclusive process with mass participation, ii. Review should focus coastal vulnerability and their survival strategy that means adaptation should be focused as priority, iii. Mitigation action must be limited in reviewed BCCSAP considering the reality of GHG (Green House Gas) emission and by no means will force or create pressure for vulnerable people and iv. The reviewed BCCSAP will be consistence with country’s other long term development policies like 7th Five year Plan and SDG (Sustainable Development Goal) targets.

Mizanur Rahaman Bijoy said, BCCSAP is a state document and it was declared as a living document during its development. So, our government will have to own this and it must be reviewed with the participation of climate vulnerable people, political leaders and CSOs. Hiring so called foreign experts is not an appropriate strategy in this regard.
Aminur Rasul said, there are needs to ensure necessary coordination among the ministries to make an effective review of our BCCSAP, because this is an important document for international assistance and all ministries somehow have responsibility and will have to implement program related with climate change at present and future.
Prodip.K. Roy said, we have done PRSP (Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper) by foreign consultant, but didn’t get good result. In case of developing planning document like BCCSAP, we should not go for such mistake again that will damage us and our interest.
Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD said that we have enough internationally recognized Bangladeshi consultants those are able to do it very effectively. He urge to government to facilitate country driven process for BCCSAP review.
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