Climate finance monitoring

index4South Asia and Indian Ocean regional conference on Climate Change, Disaster and Human Mobility

Khulna 5th April 2015: South Asia and Indian Ocean regional conference on Climate Change, Disaster and Human Mobility is held during 3 to 5 April 2015 organized by Ministry of Foreign Affairs,

Govt. of Bangladesh in cooperation IoM and Nansen Initiative (Led by Govt. of Switzerland and Norway) in Khulna, Bangladesh.

More than 90 participants representing 10 countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Oman, Sri Lanka, Pakistan (with observer status) along with the representatives from Nansen Initiatives, International organizations, UN Agencies, civil societies and research organizations met in the event in Khulna during the dates where there was a field visit on the issue for all the participants on 4th April.

A draft summary of conclusions has been circulated among the participants. Concluding session was moderated by Mr. Riaz Hamidullah Director General of MOFA where the chief guest was Mr Md Abul Kalam Azad, the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister and the other speakers were Mr. Md. Shahidul Haque, Foreign Secretary of Bangladesh, Prof Walter Kaelin, Envoy of the Chairmanship of Nansen Initiative, Mr Christian Fotsch, Swiss Ambassador to Bangladesh, and Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of COAST / EquityBD as a civil society representatives.

In the sideline Bangladeshi civil society groups have had a press conference and photo exhibition on 2nd April at Khulna press club.

Category of the reference:

Reference:
* [A BD Civil Society Call_Climate induced displaced]
* [Agenda Nansen Initiative Regional Consultation in South Asia]
* [Background Paper]
* [Draft Summery of Conclusions_Nansen Initiatives]
Presentation from International delegation:
* [ActionAid migration]
* [Ainun Nishat BRAC Uni_Migration at Khulna]
* [April 2015 ICIMOD Presentation Action Research_SB2]
* [Compendium 2013 flyer]
* [Conclusion Document Nansen Initiative Pacific Consultation FINAL]
* [Conclusions Central American Consultation in English (FINAL)]
* [EN IOM Perspectives on Migration Environment and Climate Change_2Sep2014]
* [EN MECC_IOM_Infosheet_Capacity building]
* [Horn of Africa Outcome Document (Final May 2014)]
* [icddrb_Streatfield_Nansen_03Apr2015]
* [IOM 105th Council – MECC Thematic]
* [IOM ppt 3Apr2015]
* [Justin Ginetti IDMC_IDMC NI South Asia Presentation FINAL]
* [Kelly Flynn_objectives_of_the_consultation]
* [Kelly Flynn_social_media]
* [Key messages Khunla 1]
* [Nansen Initiative SEA Regional Consultation FINAL Agenda]
* [NANSEN Presentation by UNHCR]
* [Nansen-fin-MAX]
* [Nansen-fin-MAX-1]
* [Oxfam_presentation Climate Displacement_Nansen Initiative_Oxfam_Tanvir]
* [presentation for the nansen initiative in Khulna]
* [Questionnaires Results Nansen Initiative Regional Consultation in South Asia]
* [Sabira Coelho IOM ROAP_IOM RO BKK]
* [SEA Regional Consultation FINAL Summary of Conclusions]
* [Walter Kaelin, NI_Concepts and legal framework]
* [Walter Kaelin_Nansen Intro_Khulna_April2015]
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Index_1910Dhaka, 21 September 2014: Five climate networks and right based organizations in Dhaka today urged the Prime Minister to take strong position in the UN Climate summit for the climate induced migrants’ rights and other justified issues. They organized a human chain today in front of the national press club and demand the rich countries must pay their debts to the poor countries by ensuring Fast Track Finance. The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon called the climate conference on 23rd September in New York where our Prime Minister is going to participate.

The human chain titled “We Demand PM to urge Developed Countries to take responsibility of Climate Migrants” is jointly organized by BAPA (Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon), BIPNetCCBD (Bangladesh Indigenous Peoples Network for Climate Change and Biodiversity), CCDF (Climate Change Development Forum), CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network), CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood) and EquityBD (Equity and Justice Working Group, Bangladesh). Mustafa Kamal Akanda of EquityBD moderates the speech session of the event while Dr. Abdul Matin, the Secretary General of BAPA, Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust, Mrinal Kanti Tripura of BIPNetCCBD, Sarwar Hossain of BKFS and Mowajjem Hossain of Green Voice give speech.

The group stated 5 point demand from the event raised by Syed Aminul Huq including: (1) Rich Countries must admit their historical responsibility of GHG emission and must give practical promise to reduce it, specially they need to cut 40% of the current emission by 2030; (2) Rich Countries must undergo legally binding agreements to reduce GHG; (3) Climate induced Migrants must be treated under a special UN Protocol; (4) 50% of the Green Climate Fund should be funded for adaptation and LDC should have an easy access to it; and (5) Additional fund should be provided for the compensation to cover the losses by natural disasters.

Dr. Abdul Matin of BAPA said in his speech, the rich world extracted us for centuries and developed their industries and the industries are causing the climate change that is again affecting us. This is why countries like Bangladesh should stand for the compensation in the UN Climate Summit. This compensation is not a charity by the Annex-1 countries. Rather this is their debt to the poor ones. They need to pay it in no time.

Mustafa Kamal Akanda of EquityBD said, we have come across by an English newspaper The Guardian that USA is not going to give any finance for the climate victim countries. This is a clear violation of rights of the climate affected people. They must implement the Fast Track Finance as soon as possible. They can’t withdraw the promise of giving 100b USD every year to the UN Climate Fund.

Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust said, we still don’t know what our Prime Minister is going to talk about in the UN Climate Summit. But we hope she will talk about the displaced people of Bangladesh due to the climate effects.

Mowajjem Hossain of Green Voice said, more than two thousand people from the coastal and other areas are migrating to the cities. The population density of Dhaka already exceeded 58 thousand per square km. It is not possible for us alone to face this huge task of climate adaptation. And this is not fair either as we are not the responsible for it, he added.

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Index_photo_2Dhaka, 19th April 2014. Today EquityBD, a network of right groups, organizes a seminar titled “Is Bangladesh Ready to Face Climate Problem in Future? National Budget 2014-15: Climate Resilience and Adaptation” at the National Press Club. Civil society rights group expresses worries on the mismanagement of two climate funds and demands inter-ministry coordination and integration of climate adaptation in the national budget.
Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD moderates the seminar while Mr. MA Mannan, the State Minister to Finance and Planning, participates in the seminar as the Chief Guest. Other speakers of the seminar are Sohrab Ali Sana, former MP, Dr. Abdul Matin of BAPA, Qamrul Islam Chowdhury of BEJF, Aminur Rasul of Unnayan Dhara, Syed Jahangir Hossain Masum of CDP and Prodip K Roy of Online Knowledge Centre. Syed Aminul Haque of EquityBD presents the keynote paper.
Syed Aminul Haque of EquityBD in his keynote presentation says that, BCCSAP (Bangladesh Climate Change Strategic Action Plan) is a standalone document and the 6FYP (Sixth Five Year Plan) has a little integration to this document and other climate resilience actions. UNDP CPER (Climate Change Public Expenditure Review) 2012 it is already shown that only 3.8% of the budget allocation has effective correlation with climate change. He proposes five key demand in his keynote paper, which are (i) BCCSAP and 6FYP has to be reviewed for a common integrated national plan, (ii) Trust and Resilience fund should be brought under a common management with democratic ownership, (iii) all ministries must prepare climate change planning within their midterm framework, (iv) protecting coastal land must be prioritized in all planning and national budget, and (v) all the cities must be prepared for accommodating future climate migrants.
State Minister to Finance and Planning Mr. MA Mannan said, Coordination is a problem in Bangladesh while the country has a lot of urgency in respect of poverty alleviation. He stressed that there must be a unity in this regard and politicians must come out of confrontational politics.
Aminul Rasul of Unnayan Dhara in his speech raises question on both trust and resilience fund management. He demands white papers on this two different climate fund management. Prodip K Roy demands that these two fund should be brought under one single management. Sayed Jahangir Hossain Masum demands there must be an urgent planning to maintain and repair all the cyclone shelter in coastal areas.
Dr Abdul Matin, the General Secretary of BAPA, criticizes different government policies that are hardly coherent to the climate response. Qumrul Islam Chowdhury said that Bangladesh must be technically and capacity wise prepared to have access in Green Climate Fund (GCF).
Rezaul Karim Chowdhury the moderator of the seminar mentioned that it would be unwise if policy makers wait for grant to protect its own people from future climate catastrophes. he stressed that there must be priority and integrated planning especially in national budget for climate resilience.

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IndexDhaka, 17th Febraury 2014: Today a seminar organized by EquityBD, a right based campaign group along with CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood), an Oxfam Led civil society alliance with the support of European Union titled “Climate Change in South Asian Countries: Opportunities and Challenges for Regional Cooperation” is held at the national press club where the civil society leaders mentioned that the notion of Nation State is a problem in taking common minimum position in respect or climate change action in South Asia. Civil society is urged to be united in South Asia to made the SAARC accountable.

The seminar is moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, Chief Moderator EquityBD, keynote paper is presented by Dr. Sarba Raj Khadka from People’s SAARC, a South Asia based civil society alliance in Nepal; Mr. Sanjay Vahsist, Coordinator CANSA (Climate Action Network South Asia), India; Mr Soumaya Dutta, Coordinator, Beyond Copenhagen Collective, India.

The other speakers of the seminar are Lt Gen (Retd.) Mahbubur Raham of BNP, Dr Hasan Mahmud, MP and Ex Minister to forest and environment, Dr. Atiq Rahaman Leading Climate Scientist of the country, Mr. Reaz Hamiddulah, Director General, Ministry of Foreign Ministry; Qumrul Islam Chowdhury leading climate negotiator, Ziaul Haque Mukta, Asia Regional Policy Coordinator of Oxfam, Mr. Snehal Soneji Country Director Oxfam Bangladesh, Ms. Tahmina Rahman, Country Director of Article 19; Mr. Shamsuddoha of PRDI, Dr Golam Sarwar of BUP and Ms. Farhana Sharmin of Practical Action.

Lt Gen (Rtd) Mahbubur Rahman said that, we have to develop the notion as we are the citizen of South Asia so that we can put pressure on our governments and to make SAARC more active in this regard. Dr Hasan Mahmud has mentioned that if countries in South Asia cooperate according to frame of Thimpu Deceleration (2010), South Asia would be the region of immense potentiality and surplus energy.

Soumya Dutta of India said that civil society need to generate alternative community based information in place of information provided by World Bank and other agencies to promote poor people’s agenda in respect of climate change.

Sanjay Vahsist from India insists that there is a need of cooperation among the South Asian countries to form common climate action while World Bank is promoting more investment in this regard. Dr. Sarba Raj Khadka from Nepal says that, People’s SAARC, a convergence process of civil society initiative which have started in 1990, revaluates with climate change agenda to make SAARC accountable.

Mr Riaz Hamidduallah of Foreign Ministry of Bangladesh urges civil society and people’s SAARC to come forward with proposal of specific and achievable projects. Ziaul Hque Mukta of Oxfam Asia gives four specific proposals in this regard, where he emphasizes common but differentiated responsibilities in South Asian countries too. Dr Atiq of BCAS says that in South Asia we should have more science for people instead of making profit. Snehal Soneji mentioned that in respect of climate education young people should be given more important.

Please Download [Bangla Press] [English Press] [Assessment of possible bottlenecks] [Climate Change in South Asia] [IPCC Climate Change Impact_Prediction for South Asia] [Overview of the SAARC Country Positions on International Climate Negotiations] [The SAARC Declarations on Climate Change]
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index_photoDhaka, 7th October 2013. Today in a seminar title “ Green Climate Fund, Country Ownership, International Climate Finance : Is Bangladesh Ready ? “ held in Bangladesh Economic Association auditorium in Eskaton, speakers urged government and policy makers to consider a transparent and inclusive national designated authority with supra coordination authority in inter ministerial level to attract international climate finance. The seminar was organized by BAPA, BIPNetCCBD, CCDF, CSRL and EquityBD with the sponsorship of Oxfam and European Union. The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD; other speakers are Shaymol Dutta Editor Bhorer Kagoj, Tahmina Rahman Director Article 19, Snehal V Soneji Country Director Oxfam, Mamunur Rashid of GoB (Government of Bangladesh) / UNDP project and Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman Chairman PKSF and Chief Negotiator of Bangladesh Climate Negotiation Team as the chief guest. Sayed Amiul Haque of EquityBD has presented the key note presentation.

On behalf of the group Sayed Aminul Haque described present climate finance as little coordinated and the climate change strategic action plan as a stand alone document, as the present focal point Ministry of Forest and Environment (MoF&E) has little authority over other ministries. He also criticized the country ownership should not be mere a government or bureaucratic ownership; it should also be open for affected community, media and other groups. He cited examples that Indonesia and Philippines has already created supra coordination body like separate climate change commission and council.

Tahmina Rahman from Article 19, express concern of present practice of transparency, access in information, and automatic disclosure, in two climate funds in the country. Mamunur Rashid of GOB/UNDP stated that annually 5 to 7 % of national budget is going to climate sensitive projects; he said that climate finance is an over all and multi sect oral issue thus it should be coordinated in overall ADP (annual development plan) process. Snehal V Soneji of Oxfam said that related to the preparation of climate planning integration country policy leaders from political parties come forward to discuss this issues.

Dr Quazi Kholiquzzaman as the chief guest in his concluding remarks said that the country in fact should not be expecting much from foreign assistance in respect of climate finance although the country has continuously to raise voice in international level, while country has sufficient level of foreign currency reserve, he also plea that there should be a national designated authority as a supra coordination body in respect of climate planning, which is also a requirement of Green Climate Fund.

Please Download [Bangla press] [English Press] [Position Paper] [Presentation] [Financial Express]

Dhaka, 23rd May 2012. Today in a press conference seven civil society right groups’ climate networks and eight organizations urged government to integrate climate adaptation in national budget and they have also urged to give thrust on self finance or local resource mobilization. They said that it will be not be wise to expect or depend on foreign aid in this regard. The groups have declared a plan to hand over a memorandum to Finance Minister and all Member of Parliaments in this regard prior to the budget session. The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, welcome address has been given by Badrul Alam of Bangladesh Krishok Federation, memorandum has been read out by Mizanur Rahman Bijoy of Network on Climate Change in Bangladesh, different questions of the press have been responded by Jahangir Hossain Masum of Coastal Development Partnership, Prodip Kumar Roy of Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood / On Line Knowledge Soceity and Mostafa Kamal Akanda of EquityBD.

The right groups consists of the networks ; BAPA, BIPNetCCBD, CCDF, CSRL, CFGN, EquityBD and NCCB and the organizations are BKF, OKS, CGC, CDP, BKS, Humanity Watch, PRAN and VOICE.

As they said the memorandum has been prepared after consultations have had held in seven divisions, ten districts, four national seminars and twenty five group discussion in country wide with climate victims and civil society members based on climate change strategic action plan prepared by the government during 2009. The group has proposed eleven priority wise action points, where construction of coastal embankment, long term steps to reduce river erosion, land zoning to preserve agricultural land, excavation of ponds and canals to increase reservation of surface water, inclusion of climate issue in all level of education, extension of BADC up to upazila level to promote local seeds, innovation of alternative water source in hilly areas, improving drinking water and sanitation in urban areas, construction of housing in urban areas for slum dwellers, extension and more allocation in health service and population control. They have also proposed reform in water development board, providing more authority to forest and environment in conducting trial of mangrove grabbers, integration of land and agriculture ministries for implementation of climate adaptive projects.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury the moderator the press conference and Chief Moderator of EquityBD have said that, climate impacts is already vivid and acute that there should be no question for waiting for foreign aid. While developed countries economic health was good they hardly provided GNP 0.7% as development assistance, now their economy in bad shape. He also said that it is very much possible to finance climate adaptation with local resource mobilization, if the country goes reform in tax system, reconsideration of black money, minimizing corruption, prioritizing development projects, minimizing revenue cost and in mobilizing local governments.

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Dhaka, 13th April 2012. Today Equity and Justice Working Group (EquityBD) an alliance of right based civil society organization has urged government to ensure open public and parliamentary debate in case of having any foreign loan under the name of assistance and development. EquityBD also opined that the latest $1 bln loan form IMF (International Monetary Fund) would not respite people form their livelihood plight as the loan is tied with lot of string which is globally proved anti-poor conditionality that has been pledged by our government to IMF and going impose in the name of so called macro finance stability.

According to the latest information, having IMF loan, our government has pledged to IMF to increase the VAT, automatic adjustment of fuel price and reducing the subsidies & deregulation imports. Those are being treated a major anti-poor policies in Bangladesh and also in other so called developing country.

EquityBD think that automatic adjustment of fuel price and imposing the VAT will increase the livelihood burden to poor people and their economic plight. The increased rate of VAT also would be harmful for our small entrepreneurs those are now life-line of our economy and treating a major sector for employment creation in Bangladesh. The IMF has been playing a duel role in this case to advising to the rich & developing countries and in case of developing, their hidden objective to condition of VAT impose actually to facilitate the MNCs (Multi National Corporations) market expansion, there will be hampering growth of local entrepreneurs and thus creating space for MNCs market expansions. Moreover IMF only emphasize on VAT in respect of local resource mobilization, they do not advice government to impose property tax, personal tax which is related to rich and elite people and taxing on MNCs, most of the time MNCs evade taxes in national level. IMF tried this advice in most of the African countries, which has failed to generate expected revenue augmentation; moreover it has hampered growth of local small entrepreneurs.

This is also reported that, at present, Bangladesh has been exercise and implementing highest rate of VAT comparing the other developing countries. According to the study, New Zeeland’s VAT rate is 12 % where the IMF insisting Bangladesh to impose VAT as a single rate of 15 %. In case of other developing countries like in Singapore, VAT is 5 %, Thailand 7 %, in Indonesia, Myanmar and in Vietnam it is 10 %, and in Nepal 13 %.

The implementation of automatic fuel adjustment policy will increase the all sort of commodity price those will go to the shoulder of poor people ultimately. EquityBD also think that the existing fuel subsidy is a result of government planning failure and it should not shift to shoulder on the poor people. In the same way deregulation of import market would be a dangerous for our government to stabilize the BoP (Balance of Payment) that is cried for.

EquityBD opined that, $1 billion is not any significant support considering the three years period maintaining BoP, because government existing BoP is not in crisis (as latest reserve is 9.87 billion US$) and it is manageable if government take the appropriate measure especially impose restriction on importing unnecessary, luxurious or lavish goods import, controlling capital flight etc are major setback maintaining BoP.

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Dhaka, 01 April 2012. Today in a seminar at Dhaka Reporters Unity, civil society groups urged to increase public investment to ensure primary health services and activate decentralized health service system all over the country. They also proposed to include displacement issue in safety net programs. The seminar title “Climate Change Strategic Plan 2009: Health and Social Safety Net” was organized by Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL) and Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD), two networks of civil society organizations. The seminar was moderated by Dr. M. Sohel Iqbal of EquityBD. Key note paper was presented by Syed Aminul Hoque, Secretariat Coordinator of EquityBD. Alhaz Prof. Dr. M. A. Mannan, MP and member of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health Ministry was present in the seminar as Chief Guest. Md. Israfil Alam, MP and member of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labor and Welfare Ministry, Dr. Nilufar Banu, Executive Director of BUP, Noman Khan of IED, Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust, ASM Badrul Alam of Bangladesh Krishok Federation was spoken in the seminar.

In his key note speech, Syed Aminul Hoque stated that, in view of WHO research climate change will increase diseases up to 3-5% in Bangladesh. Government focus is a bit little on this issue neither in climate strategic plan, nor in 6th five year plan, and also in national annual plan. He mentioned that ensuring health services for the poor following MDGs will need to invest at least taka 16000 crore by government while the present allocation is only about 6000 crore per year which is less than 1% of GDP. It is very low compare to WHO proposed standard, which is 5 % GDP. He proposed regional level research on health and climate change correlation. He also mentioned that as there are 30 million people will be displaced due to climate change, and as it is already is being seen, the issue should be included in safety net program.

The Chief Guest, Alhaj Prof. Dr. M. A. Mannan, MP mentioned that Public Private Partnership (PPP) is important to promote services in health sector considering the climate change. He emphasized the necessity on dissemination of information on climate change up to the Upazila level for mass awareness.

Md. Israfil Alam, MP also focused on the resource limitation of government. He suggested increasing the funding on scientific research on climate change. He suggested to all parties to work together to meet the challenges of climate change in health sector. Dr. Nilufar Banu of BUP mentioned 60 % of women in the country suffer hemoglobin deficiency which causes high rate child and maternal mortality, government need to give attention in this regard.

In their speech ASM Badrul Alam, Aminur Rasul Babul, Noman Khan suggested the government to provide sufficient resources for scientific research, allocate at least 2% of GDP for health services, and decentralization of power and authority. They also advised to replicate the SriLanka model on health service.

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Dhaka, 24th March 2012. Today in a seminar civil society groups express worries on different in-consistencies prevailing in government’s six five year planning, budget 2011-12, country investment plan, perspective plan and climate strategic action plan 2009, especially in respect of government pledge to attain food self sufficiency. They have urged government to increase subsidy and investment in agro research and extension in respect of climate adaptation. The seminar title “Climate Change Strategic Plan 2009: Agriculture and Food Security” was organized by Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL) and Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD), two networks of civil society organizations. The seminar was moderated Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD. Key note paper was presented by Dr. Nazrul Islam of Dhaka School of Economics, Shawkat Momen Sajahan, Member of Parliament and Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Agriculture Ministry was there as chief guest. Among other speakers of the seminars were, Dwip Ujjal Kisha of Bangladesh Indigenous People Network, Mizanur Rahman Bijoy of Network for Climate Change Network, Badrul Alam of Krishok Federation, Aminur Rasul of Unnayan Dhara, Syed Aminul Haque of EquityBD, Prodip Kumar Roy of On Line Knowledge Soceity, and Jibonanda Joyanta of SA Foundation.

Dr Nazrul Islam in his key note paper presented detail matrix of inconsistencies of different planning documents, he also mentioned that last year budget, investment in agriculture had declined 4.2 %. In view of people perception he proposed immediate enactment of land management policy and enhanced investment in agri research and extension in next year budget. Sayed Aminul Haque mentioned that control on utilization of land should be laid upon Agriculture Ministry, as it is now with Land Ministry which attitude only to increase revenue. Dwip Ujjal Kisha, demand stop land utilization in respect of tobacco cultivation, he urged to promote traditional practice of agriculture in hilly area. Mizanur Rahman Bijoy, expressed worried on little emphasize on local seeds preservation and promotion, as national and multi national companies occupying the seed market. Badrul Alam blamed that in fact government preparing all of these policies and planning in view of neo liberal agendas, in fact which is favor of west, the climate polluters who hardly willing to pay compensation. Aminur Rasul has mentioned that apart from inconsistencies there are lack of coordination and integration among different ministries in respect of effort to gain food self sufficiently. He expressed doubt whether the government will be able gain food self sufficiency by 2013 in view of their election pledge.

Chief Guest Memebr of Parliament and Chairman of Parliamentary Standing Committee Shawkat Momen Sajahan recognized that there should a reform on land ownership pattern, that it is the farmers should won all the agriculture land, he also acknowledge that the new Agriculture Policy should integrate the climate change adaptation and there should be immediate enactment of land management and utilization policy to stop irrelevant and unproductive use of agricultural land.

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Dhaka, 11 March 2012. Today in a national workshop held Dhaka speakers opined that, to make effective and sustainable plan regarding disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation, mass participation is must. They demanded separate climate commission to strengthen climate adaptive activities. They said that during the concluding ceremony of that two days workshop.
Minister for Forest and Environment Dr. Hasan Mahmud was present as the chief guest of the concluding ceremony. The program was moderated by the Executive Director of COAST Rezaul Karim Chawdhury. Among others Member Secretary of Unnayan Dhra Foundation Aminur rasul Babul, Executive Director of Bangladesh NGO Network for Community Radio (BNNRC) A H M Bazlur Rahman, Executive Director of Credit and Development Forum Abdul Awal, Executive Director or UDDIPAN Emranul Haque Chawdhury, Member of the Board of trustee of COAST Dr. Tofail Ahmed, Aus Aid Representatives (Ms. Amanda Jennings) were also present.
Dr. Sohel Iqbal of COAST Trust presented the evaluation of the moderators of respective moderators on the eight sessions held in the two days workshops. This presentation mainly focused on the learning and recommendations came from the two days workshops.
Aminur Rasul Babul said, without mass participation no development plan regarding climate adaptation can be effective and sustainable.
A H M Bazlur Rahman said, the slogan ‘think globally, act locally’ is null and void now, rather we have to keep in mind that, Think globally, act all level, but very carefully
Abdul Awal said, Already a large part of Bangladesh has been affected from various climate related disaster and various vulnerabilities have been increased. Food security is at stake now. To solve these problems political will and effective initiatives are must.
Emranul Haque Chawdhury said, Process and initiatives of the government on climate change should be reached to the mass people. Lesson on climate change can be added in the school curriculum. As the recommendation of the workshop he proposed Climate Commission to ensure effective coordination among different ministries’ and NGO activities. The recommendation also suggests that, the commission can play a vital role in ensuring transparencies of all climate funds.

Dr. Hasan Mahmud said, climate change issue is not a political issue. So we have been trying to ensure participation from experts to our national plan and international negotiation process without consideriung their political backgrounds. My ministry has introduced monthly public hearing. I believe that, we should work all together for the welfare of our people.
In concluding remarks Dr. Tofail Ahmad said, climate has already changed, we have to emphasize on climate adaptation. We should not think only funding, we have to think about knowledge. We have to refrain ourselves from degrading the climate furthermore.

It is to be noted that, the workshop titled Sharing understanding and identifying concern: Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) in Sustainable Development” was organized by the Bangladeshi member of the Asian Disaster Reduction and Response Network. The members are BPDC, COAST Trust, Dhaka Community Hospital and Dwip Unnayan Shongstha. This two days workshop was being organized to share macro and micro level experiences on DRR and CCA, about 200 representatives of 150 local organizations are participating in the program.

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