eBooklet

Paper_Illicit Flow & Pol Economy_English-1Illicit capital flow from Bangladesh has been one of the crucial issues both in the politics and socio economic sector of Bangladesh. Every year an enormous amount of money is being siphoned off to tax heaven countries illegally. As per latest report-2015 of Global Financial Integrity (GFI) an estimated of US$ 55.88 billion has illicitly been transferred from Bangladesh to foreign countries during the year from 2003 to 2014 which is roughly 1.5 times of the fiscal budget 2015-16 of Bangladesh. Every ear around US$6 billion has been transferred illicitly to other countries and Bangladesh became the 26th no country in the world in respect of illicit financial flow. The highest illicit financial flow has happened in 2013 which is BDT 776 billion ($9.7 billion) which is 12 times more than the foreign aid and 141% excess of foreign loan of FY2015-16.

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IndexCHS support group Bangladesh organized a seminar on February 11, 2016 at BRAC Inn in Dhaka after translating Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS) in to Bangla within an inclusive and participatory process. CHS support Group is an informal group representing different humanitarian agencies, academia, sector expert individuals and others. In the seminar Judith Greenwood, Executive Director, CHS Alliance, Geneva expressed her gratitude all for the involvement of translation the standards in local language. She also appreciated that this will assist the grass root staff and affected beneficiaries for better understanding and implementation of the standards in their programs.
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COP21_Climate forced displacement Rights and Obligations_ SeminaTwenty civil society organizations from Asia, Africa, Latin America and Pacific organized a seminar titled “Climate Forced Displacements: Rights and Obligations” on 5th December, 2015 at Le Burget, Paris, France. Participating in the discussion, speakers have emphasized on new global order and dedicated UN policy regime for climate induced displaced people. They have urged text in Paris Agreement following the content agreed under Cancun Adaptation Framework’s paragraph 14 sub paragraphs F. The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD and key note was presented by Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL and EquityBD. [Click here full report]

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booklet-Climate_Change_InduThis policy paper has been written to support a global campaign to realize the rights of climate change induced forced migrants, who are incorrectly termed as ‘climate refugees’ or ‘environmentally displaced persons,. Equity and Justice Working Group, Bangladesh (EquityBD) launched this campaign calling global leaders to develop a new legal instrument under a Protocol to the UNFCCC to ensure social, cultural and economic rehabilitation of the ‘climate change induced forced migrants’ through recognizing them as ‘Universal Natural Persons’. Please download [English and Bangla]

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booklet-Our_Planning_Our_SovereigntyThis paper has reviewed critically and analyzed the existing situation and economical impact in Bangladesh’s economy due to implantation of donor driven PRSP. We believe that we should have sovereign power to design of our own development policy in considering the reality of country’s problem and perspectives.
In fact, implementation of SAP (structural adjustment program) failed to reach its goal of poverty reduction and created unemployment and economic disparity among the people of different social classes in many Asian and African poor countries, which made IMF bound to rethink on it. Thus, in 2000, International Monetary Fund and World Bank (IMF & WB) came forward with a new development prescription ‘the theory of continued economic growth’ for the poor & developing countries.
Supporting to this theory the WB Group argued that, achieving of continued economic growth is most effectual in poverty reduction for a country rather than adopting integrated development strategies.

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booklet-Political_Economy_oThis policy discussion paper has been written based on the key elements of UNFCCC Climate Change Conference held in Bali, Indonesia, December 2007. This policy discussion paper critically reviewed the Bali climate negotiation; intended to provide an insight to the readers, especially developing country’s policy makers, negotiators, on the recent dimension of mitigating climate change impacts. This discussion paper tries to cancel out the concept of ‘climate commercialization’ on which Bali Climate talks eventually rounds, and justifies the urgency of the eduction of green house gases emissions that should be reflected in the post Kyoto global policy regime on climate change. It is expected that this policy iscussion paper will be a useful document for the developing country policy makers, environmental NGOs, CSOs in formulation policies and positions on sustainable development in the context of the climate change negotiation.

The Equity and Justice Working Group sincerely acknowledges the all-out assistance from the Jubilee South- Asia Pacific Movementt on Debt and Development (APMD) that sponsored our participation in the Bali Climate Conference. Equity and Justice Working Group encourages reproduction of all or part of this publication for educational and other non-commercial purposes with simple acknowledgement of the copy write holder.

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Drowning with Debt or Development

Building People’s Agenda on ODA Accountability: Bangladesh PerspectiveThis paper critically analyses the fact of increasing the number of LDCs
(Least Developed Countries) amidst the World Trade Organization’s effort of
trade balance and, also analyses the fact of decreasing ODA (official
development assistance). Considering various economic criteria, ODA
trend, MDG progress and country’s socio-political scenario, this paper
justifies that Bangladesh has the right to have more ODA. Indebtness of
Bangladesh to foreign loan is growing, presently around $151 or taka
10,419 per person. Total debt service liability has already crossed country’s
annual national health budget, in contrary ODA has declined around 37
percent from 1999 level.
Bangladesh’s progress of achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG)
is promising although the conditionalities of neo liberal regimes (the
conditionalities of international financial institutions -IFIs like the World Bank
(WB) , International Monitory Fund (IMF) and Asian Development Bank(ADB) perpetuating the pauperization. On the other hand, Bangladesh does not qualify to be eligible for debt cancellation as the IFIs (International Finanical Institution) sets the eligible criteria on the basis of country’s debt
vs export ratio. Mr. Kofi Anan, the ex Secretary General of the United Nations and especially Mr. Jaffrey Sachs, special advisor to the present UN Secretary General criticizes this debt vs. export ratio; they mentioned it should be linked to MDG achievement and by 2015 the LDCs should not
fall in new debt overhang. Kofi Annan, in his report during UN + 5 millennium summit, argued for debt cancellation and grant based support, even for the middle income countries.

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Geo-Social Context of Bangladesh’s Coast

The coastal areas of Bangladesh is different from rest of the country not only because of its unique geo-physical characteristics but also for different sociopolitical consequences that often limits people’s access to endowed resources and perpetuate risk and vulnerabilities. Coastal areas include coastal plain islands, tidal flats, estuaries, neretic and offshore waters. It extends to the edge of a wide (about 20 km) continental self. A vast river network, a dynamic estuarine system and a drainage basin intersect the coastal zone, which made coastal ecosystem as a potential source of natural resources, diversified fauna and floral composition, though there also have immense risk of natural disasters.

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