Campaign on CoP-21

DSCF44271111Equity and Justice Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) has been closely monitoring the discourse of the Paris Climate Conference. It organized various policy advocacy events before the conference and it also organized press conference and seminar during the CoP 21 at the conference venue premises to raise mainly the demands of the LDCs and MVCs. Efforts are still going on to protest against the Paris agreement.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, Chief Moderator of EquityBD has so far made some immediate assessments on the draft Paris Climate Agreement. Some international newspapers and medias have published his comments and reviews.

The Daily Mirror of Sri Lanka (Published on 15th December) quoted Rezaul Karim Chowdhury as: “If the text is adopted as it is, the ‘Most Vulnerable Countries’ have lost their right to claim liabilities and compensation for ‘Loss and Damage’. Countries like Bangladesh will not be able to seek assistance from richer nations and we will be left alone to face up to these disasters. Those who have polluted the planet most have gone scot free in this iteration of text. (Link: http://www.dailymirror.lk/99451/paris-text-durable-and-dynamic-but-not-fully-fair-and-responsive-cansa)

The Hindu of India (Published in 13th December) quotes: Most Vulnerable Countries’ had lost their right to claim liabilities and compensation for ‘Loss and Damage’. Countries like Bangladesh would not be able to seek assistance from richer nations and would be left to face up to these disasters themselves. Those who have polluted the planet most have gone scot free in this iteration of text (Link: http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/reactions-to-the-paris-agreement-text/article7981148.ece?homepage=true
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Index_8516Dhaka, 14th December 2015. A group of Rights Based civil society organizations criticized the role of the Forest nad Environment Minister in the climate conference as he has been literally failed to uphold the interest of the country in the Paris Climate Conference. 24 organizations made this statement from a Human Chain organized today in front of the National Press Club, Dhaka. They also mentioned that, during the conference there was no coordination among delegations, no access for CSOs and media formally in Bangladesh delegation. Minister’s speech in the press conference and sessions were always contradictory and confusing. Minister hardly gave space to other members of the delegation.
The Human Chain titled, ‘ Paris Climate Agreement: We have been made slave!’ was moderated by Mustafa Kamal Akand of EquityBD. Among others Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust, Engineer Foyez Hossain of Jatyo Sromik Federation, Prodip Kumar Roy of Online Knowledge Society, Zayed Iqbal Khan of Bangladesh Krishak Federation, Subal Sarkar of Bangladesh Bhumihin Somity, Firoja Begum of banchte Shikh Nari and Kader Hazari of ARPAN also spoke at the occasion.
The written statement on behalf of the organizers says that, the most dangerous decision of the agreement is the decision number 52. Rich countries have been able to refuse their liability of compensation with this. It is clearly a huge wound to the demand Bangladesh has been raising since long time. Bangladesh Prime Minister has also put this demand several times. Bangladesh negotiation team has to clarify the nation why they have not upheld the position of the Prime Minister, in other word the position of Bangladesh in the conference.
Engineer Foyez Hossain said, developed and emerging countries in the name of their country realities ignoring the issues related to the survival of the MVCs. He has mentioned that compensation and liability, historical responsibilities, developed countries responsibility to provide climate finance, preferential treatment to MVCs and LDCs, have been completely wiped out from the draft agreement. Aminur Rasul Babul said, the target of global warming increasing rate has been fixed to 2 degree while IPCC predictions to keep the temperature 1.5 degree. By ignoring the demand of keeping the rate within 1.5 the whole world has been put into a great danger. Zayed Iqbal Khan said, rich countries are seriously reluctant to take the liability of climate change. Liability and compensation issue from loss and damage discourse has been eliminated; it is due to the unprecedented pressure by US since the beginning with the passive support of other developed countries including EU. The whole world has become more vulnerable due one or two mighty countries!

Subal Sarkar said, this agreement is great symbol of injustice. It is said that, ‘all parties’ will take the responsibilities of financing. By this financial liabilities have been out also the countries who are not responsible for the climate change. There is no clear roadmap of mobilizing the 100 billion dollar fund annually which was committed previously. Pradip Kumar Roy said, Bangladesh should reject the agreement and must be refrain to sign it.

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DSCF4427From Paris, 12th December 2015. I feel and I will urge Bangladesh delegation should not sign the agreement, it is against our Honorable Prime Minister position who always demand compensation from developed countries. It is shameful for our nation.

In view of latest draft agreement released around 1430 hours of 12th Dec. here in Paris, most likely which going to signed in later period of the day. There are more damages for country like Bangladesh and other MVCs, eg, decision 52 (page 8) said countries will never be allowed demand compensation and liabilities. In decision 50 (page 7) a committee will recommend on displacements to avert, minimize and address the issue, but it is a deviation from Cancun 14 f, where the term “reallocation” and “migrants”have had used, it is another one lost and damages for Bangladesh. Even though the decision has not came in article 8 of draft agreement on this displacement issue. In respect of finance under article 9 clause 4, it is to maintain balance between mitigation and adaptation. But Bangladesh and MVCs claim was 50:50 it has not came out. In respect Financing the term ” new and additional” has completely wiped out, it is neither in decision 54 (page 8) and not in finance related agreement clause 9.
I have only read and developed comments on loss and damage and finance section as it is most important for country like Bangladesh and other MVCs.
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IndexParis, 11th December 2015. Today Bangladeshi civil society organizations have organized a press conference in Le Bourget, Paris Climate Conference Place. They have rejected the latest draft agreement and call upon MVCs to reject it, they have also called to include historical responsibilities, polluter pay principle and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities must to include as guiding principle in the draft agreement. They have expressed concern that developed emerging countries are taking position against all those principles which was agreed earlier. The press conference was moderated by Ziaul Hoque Mute of EquityBD/CSRL, written statement read out by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, question and answer responded by Golam Rabbani of CCDF/BCAS and Jahangir Hasan Masum of CDP.
Rezaul Karim Chowdury said that hope which stated by France has become farce, developed and emerging countries in the name of their country realities ignoring the issues related to the survival of the MVCs. He has mentioned that compensation and liability, historical responsibilities, developed countries responsibility to provide climate finance, preferential treatment to MVCs and LDCs, has been completely wiped out from the draft agreement. The target has been fixed to 2 degree while IPCC predictions to keep the temperature 1.5 degree.
Golam Rabbani of BCAS/CCDF said that in respect of climate finance there are complete wiped out of the term additional, new, predictable in respect pre 2020 and post 2020 annually $ 100 billion climate financing, there are not also mentioning 50 : 50 allocation for adaptation and mitigation.
Ziaul Hoque Mukta of EquityBD/CSRL said that the new agreement supposed to be done in 2009; it has been delayed up to 2015, if there is agreement now it will be in force in 2020, but even now the emerging issues are frustrating for MVCs. He again urges US, France and developed countries to play a constructive role to save the planet.
Jahangir Hasan Masum of CDP said that in fact developed countries promoted market based mechanism in the draft agreement in the name of insurance and risk transfer.
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Index_0463Paris 5th December 2015. Twenty civil society organizations from Asia, Africa, Latin America and Pacific have organized a seminar today at Le Burget, Paris, France, titled “Climate Forced Displacements: Rights and Obligations” where speakers have given emphasis on new global order and dedicated UN policy regime for climate induced displaced people. They have urged text in Paris Agreement following the content agreed under Cancun Adaptation Framework’s paragraph 14 subparagraph F. The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, key note presentation was delivered by Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL and EquityBD. Panelists were Anotonie Gerrard from UN’s World Humanitarian Summit, Caorlina Hernandez from UN Office of High Commissioner on Human Rights, Professor Walter Kaelin from The Nansen Initiatives which is a Special Envoy of the Governments of Switzerland and Norway, Nick Dearden from Global Justice Now UK, Lena Brenn from Norwegian Refugee Council, Mithika Mwenda from Pan African Climate Justice Alliance, Gouri Prodhan from LDC Watch, Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL Bangladesh, Soumaya Dutta from CCB India, Jahangir Hasan Masum of CDP and Dr. Hasan Mahmud Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest of Bangladesh.
Anotonie Gerrad of World Humanitarian Summit of UN said climate forced migrants is a security agenda for future so it should draw attention from the global leaders, it is a catastrophic humanitarian crisis, all states must devise new global strategy to respond this crisis. Professor Walter Kaelin said that the global consultation of states which have had happened in Geneva in last October, there was a good wishes from state leaders to go for new global order and policy regimes, same good wishes should prevail in Paris climate conference too. Carolina Hernandez from the UN office on Human Right Commissioner said Paris Agreement must address the rights of life and livelihoods of climate forced migrants. Nick Dearden from Global Justice Now of UK said that Europe and developed countries has been benefited from immigrants, and it is due to their high level of carbon emission the issue of climate forced migrant issue emerged, so the developed countries must take responsibilities in this regard.
Dr. Hasan Mahmud, Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest of Bangladesh mentioned that Bangladesh will push for the inclusion of climate forced migration issue in Paris Agreement for its solution at all level including national, regional and international level. He urged that 1951 refugee convention should be rewritten now. Ziaul Hoque Mukta of CSRL and EquityBD in his key note presentation proposed for appropriate human rights based treatment for climate forced migrants at local, national, regional and international level. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, the moderator of the session, concluded that the issue shouldn’t be a UNFCCC agenda only, it is time to spread the issue in other UN and multilateral forums.
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IndexParis 4th December: Today in media centre of UNFCCC Paris Climate Conference, civil societies representing MVC (most vulnerable countries) and LDC (least developed countries) in a press conference said that Climate deal must be with 1.5 degree Celsius and with an institutional mechanism to address loss and damages. The press conference was moderated by Mr. Mrinal Kanti Tripura of BIPNetCCBD, key note presentation paper was read out by Ms. Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL, other speakers of the press conference were Ms. Tettet Lauron from Ibon International of Philippines, Mr Shamsuddoha of CPRD and Mr. Mizanur Rahman Bijoy of NCCB. The press conference was jointly organized by BAPA, BIPNetCCBD, BCCJF, CCDF, CCDB, CDP, CSRL, EquityBD and EFJB of Bangladesh participating in Paris Climate Conference.
On behalf of the group Mr. Sharmind Neelormi read out the position paper on demands, which are (i) an agreement must have to be legally binding, (ii) temperature limit must be set to 1.5 degree Celsius for survival, and (iii) institutional or internal mechanism for loss and damage, especially there must be replacement of Cancun Agreement Article 14 f ie, inclusion of issues related to climate induced migration, which is absent in draft agreement circulated so far in Paris.
Mr. Shamsuddoha reiterated position on Developed countries must fulfill their commitment on financing annually $ 100 billion from 2020, and there must be a road map on finance for the pre 2020 period too. He explains that it is easily possible if developed countries reduce their arms and war budget.
Tettet Lauren said that developed countries must take historical responsibility for their carbon emission in past and plundering of resources through colonialism and new liberal policies at the moment; she further said that developed countries must have to pay the climate debt.
Mizanur Rahamn Bijoy of NCCB said that there must be inclusion of climate migration issue in the loss and damage discourse, most vulnerable countries should not agree with any deal without institutional mechanism for addressing loss and damage.

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Index_829829 November 2015. Rights based civil society organizations in Bangladesh urged the Prime Minister to lead country on the Paris Climate Conference. They also urged her to demand the climate compensation from the countries mainly responsible for the climate change. This compensation must go to the countries suffering most due to climate change even though they are not responsible for this. As about 150 leaders from various countries including President of Russia and USA, Prime Minister of China and India will join the event, it is an opportunity for our Prime Minister to raise the issues of Bangladesh as well as the most vulnerable countries, the organizers of the human chain opined from a human chain organized in front of the national press club today.

27 organizations organized the human chain titled ‘Rich Countries, You don’t have any right to put future of Bangladesh in Bracket’. The human chain was moderated by Mustafa Kamal Akanda of equityBD. Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnyan Dhara, Subal Sarkar of Bangladesh Bhumihin Somity and Engineer Foyez Hosain of Bangaldesh Sromik Federation, Zayed Iqbal Khan of Bangladesh Krishak Federation, Abul Hossain and Arif Chowdhury of Jatiyo Hawkers Federation Hawkers Federation, spoke at the occasion.

In the written statement on behalf of the organizers it is said that, Countries like Bangaldesh are suffering due to the climate change without being responsible for this. It has been found that, each ton of Carbon emission causes a damage of $ 40. Only US has incurred a damage of debt of of $4 trillion during the period 1990-2013 and every citizen of US and Australia owes $12,000 in carbon debt. Rich countries have to take these responsibilities and they have to pay the compensation to the effected countries.

Subal Sarkar said, the expected Paris Protocol on Climate Change must not be mitigation based only, it should include adaptation issues also. The strategies and types of support of the rich countries to the poor countries must be placed clearly in the protocol.

Aminur Rasul babul said, we have unacceptable experiences of Kyoto Protocol, which was a signed to reduce the carbon emission but signatory countries have been failed to realize their commitment. We don’t want another such protocol or treaty. We demand a legally binding agreement, which will mandatory for all. There should be provision to punish countries which will breach the treaty.

Organizers placed some specific demand also, such as: Paris treaty should clearly mention the scientific target of carbon cut, there should be the pick level of carbon emission, the GCF should get 100 billion dollar annually up to 2020, 50% of the fund should be used for adaptation, No loan for loss and damages, No intellectual property rights in technology transfer.

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Index_8156Dhaka 23rd November 2015. Today Eight civil society climate networks in a joint press conference title “Bangladesh Must Take Position for a legally Binding Agreement in Paris Climate Conference” have placed seven points demand that Bangladesh government delegation take position in Paris climate conference, they have also express concern inclusiveness and transparency of the Bangladesh delegation. They have demand direct Prime Minister (PM) involvement in this regard, although she has dropped the plan to join Paris Conference. The annual UNFCCC (United Nation Framework for Climate Change Conference) Conference of Parties (CoP) 21 will be held in Paris from 29th November to 11th December, where state parties suppose to sign a climate deal which will be implemented from the year 2020 as agreed earlier.
The press conference was organized by Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon (BAPA), Bangladesh Indigenous People’s Network for Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Bangladesh Climate Change Journalist Forum (BCCJF), Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) and Forum on Environmental Journalist in Bangladesh (FEJB). The press conference was assisted by Oxfam and Act Alliance through CCDB (Christian Commission for Development in Bangladesh).
The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, on behalf of the group written key demand has been explained by Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL, other speakers of press conference was Dr Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL, Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB, Dr Abdul Matin of BAPA, Md Kamruzzaman of CCDB and Act Alliance, and Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara Trust. Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL explained the seven points demand which are (I) a legally binding agreement and a international court on climate justice, (ii) Setting targets and thereby country commitment to limit global temperature limit to 1.5 degree Celsius by the year 2050, (iii) Setting pick year of highest emissions following common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities (CBDRRC), (iv) an agreement on climate forced migrants in view of Cancun agreement clause 14 f. (v) an institutional mechanism in respect of loss and damage by 2016, (vi) ensuring intellectual property right free and gender sensitive technology transfer to climate vulnerable countries (CVC) and (vii) ensuring accountability of Green Climate Fund (GCF) with funding to CVCs free from loan condition etc.
Dr Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL expressed concern on Bangladesh delegation formation since last two year who has hardly composed of informed expert from civil societies which was in fact tradition and strength in last one decade. Dr Abdul Matin of BAPA mentioned that present delegation has every chance to give walkover to the interest of developed countries. Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB demands that although Prime Minister is not going but she must control over this delegation. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury demanded that government delegation must declare in public on what is their position and what will be coordination mechanism in Paris.

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Index_7755Dhaka, 7th November 2015. Today in a seminar title “Toward CoP 21 and A Tale from Climate Ground Zero” have been held in National Press club where Foreign Secretary Mr. Shahidul Haque stated that, it is not only in UNFCCC (United Nation Framework for Climate Change Conference) Paris climate conference, but all most all in UN and other global forums Bangladesh government is committed to promote Climate Displacement as a global development agenda. He also said the Bangladesh is going to lead GFMD (Global Forum on Migration and Development) which will be held in next year which is 110 state led process, where climate forced migration will be an important agenda.
The seminar was organized by COAST and EquityBD. COAST is a non government organization (NGO) working in coastal areas of Bangladesh, EquityBD is its program component for networking, campaign and advocacy. The seminar was Chaired by Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman Chairman PKSF, moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury the Executive Director of COAST, Mr Shahidul Hague Secretary Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) attended as the Chief Guest, other speakers of the seminar were Dr Atiq Rahman BCAS / CANSA, Qumrul Islam Chowdhury FEJB and National Press Club, Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL, Dr Abdul Matin BAPA, and Syed Jahangir Masum of CDP. Sayed Aminul Haque of COAST / EquityBD has presented the key note presentation. Din Mohammed Shibly the Photographer also spoke on the occasion, the book has been published based on his last ten years observation photography from coastal area. The book has been published with the guidance and assistance from MoFA. The book has also been lunched in last 12th October in Geneva by Foreign Minister in a state led conference on climate displacement, as a part of government campaign on climate change in Bangladesh.
Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman mentioned that Bangladesh has best example of civil society and government coordination in international climate negotiation, which will continue this year too in Paris, he said that international donors and developing countries pursuing Bangladesh to accept loan in climate adaptation which is injustice. Dr Atiq Rahman of CANSA / BCAS said that there are not much to be expected from Paris Climate Conference, but such a book and photography will have great impact among the mass people of developed countries. Dr Abdul Matin of BAPA demanded the Ministry of Forest and Environment must include civil societies in her delegation and must announce a coordinated and transparent process. Ziaul Haqu Mukta said that Bangladesh should demand an international court of justice on implementation of a legally binding 2nd Kyoto protocol, which should be a minimum expectation from Paris Climate Conference. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, moderator of the seminar mentioned that global mobilization for new UN protocol for climate forced migrants will be continued as Bangladesh alone cannot solve the problem.
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Index_6995Dhaka, 9th September 2015. Today five civil society climate networks and two climate journalist associations of the country in a joint press conference, express concern on present Environment and Forest Minister and Ministry role and urge Prime Minister to take lead in CoP (Conference of Parties) 21 Paris climate conference, which to be held in Paris during 29th November to 11th December 2015. They have also demanded a road map toward preparation and process of Paris climate conference, which should be inclusive, participatory and transparent.

The press conference was jointly organized by Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Indigenous People’s Network on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Bangladesh Climate Change Journalist Forum (BCJF), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) and Forum for Environment Journalist in Bangladesh (FEJB).

The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD, other speakers are Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB, Dr Abdul Matin of BAPA, Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL, Aminur Rasul Babul of Unnayan Dhara, Mostafa Kamal Akhanda of COAST and Sayed Aminul Haque of EquityBD. On behalf of the group Sayed Aminul Haque Have explain the written statement on behalf of the group, which includes major demands are (i) as present Environment Ministry has performed poor performance in CoP 20 Lima, for CoP 21 they urged Prime Minister personally lead the preparation and process, (ii) Government delegation must be inclusive especially for inclusion of academician, civil societies, media and private sectors, (iii) there should be an public position paper prior to the conference, and (iv) formation of government delegation should be criteria based and made in transparent and participatory process.

Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB who was acting as long time negotiator for LDCs (Least Developed Countries) in CoPs, urged not to ignore two decades of negotiation experiences in this regard, he said LDC must demand a legally binding Paris Protocol. He also mentioned that during last government there was a good example of multi stakeholder cooperation, although there was delegation number more than 100, but mostly self and NGO funded, government funding not more than 10 highest. Dr Matin expressed frustration on poor performances of Ministry in CoP 20 Lima which was basically depended upon bureaucrats. Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL, mentioned while there was decision on loan and matching fund in Green Climate Fund recent meeting, it was shameful that Bangladesh delegation in GCF has not opposed that while it was present Prime Minister declaration in parliament that in respect of climate finance Bangladesh will not take any loan, as Bangladesh is not at all responsible for climate change problems.

In conclusion, Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD mentioned as there will be agreement to be signed and all other countries looking after the role of Bangladesh which is one the worse impacted country in this regard, then it is the time to give importance by Prime Minister herself.

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