Campaign on CoP-22

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Dhaka, 28 November 2016. A group of Rights Based Civil Society Networks has expressed their deep concern and frustration about the outcome of the recently held CoP22, Marrakech Climate Conference, since this conference has failed to fulfill needs and demands of the Least Development Courtiers (LVC) and Most Vulnerable Countries (MVC).  The roadmap of the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement was supposed to be finalized from this conference, but it has also not been possible. A group of eight networks placed their position in this regard today in a press conference held in the National Press Club.  The group also opines that, the issue of climate change and international negotiations should not be handled by the ministry of Environment and Forest, rather it must be handle by an independent Climate Change Commission.

The Press Conference titled ‘Out come of the CoP22: Analysis and proposal from Civil Society’ was jointly organized by Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh Climate Journalist Forum (BCJF), Bangladesh Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change and Bio Diversity (BIPNetCCBD), Climate Change Development Forum (CCDF), Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), CSRL, EquityBD and FEJB.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBd moderated the press conference while Mustafa Kamal Akand gave the welcome speech.  Mr Qumrul Chowdhury of FEJB, Syad Aminul Haque of EquityBD, Pradip Kumar Roy of CSRL and Md. Mujibul Haque Munir of EquityBD also spoke at the occasion.

Syaed Aminul  Haque Said,  During the tenure of the present minister for the ministry of Environment and Forest, inclusion and spaces for the civil society representatives  in the government delegation to the climate conference has been abridged. Two senior civil society leaders who have been leading the Bangladesh negotiation team for years did not join this CoP, this is a loss for the country.  Their absence disrupts the continuity of the Bangladesh negotiation; they used to ensure communication and balance among the government team and the civil society representatives.  He also says, climate change is a national issue, but we don’t see any interest in this regard among the political parties out of power including the main opposition party. We think the Bangladesh government negotiation team should include representatives from parties other than the party in power.

Md. Mujibul Haque Munir said, we are too much frustrated over the outcome of this climate conference since ignorance and tendency of avoiding responsibilities of the rich countries to the climate vulnerable countries seemed to be very much acute e.g. rich countries did not provide any clear Roadmap resulting of 100 billion dollar yearly. They did not agree on providing fund under the Loss and Damage issue, only a commitment of 81 million dollar for the adaptation fund has been made in CoP22. This type of position of the rich countries will lead the Climate Genocide in the LDCs and MVCs

Mr. Qumrul Chowdhury said, the conference was supposed decide on eight specific agenda, but only one decision has been taken. That is why we are so much frustrated. We think, to get financial support from international climate change fund, transparency and accountability within country level fund management must be ensured.  Otherwise we will not able to get fund we need to face the challenges of the climate change.

Pardip Kumar Roy said, The LVCs and MVCs clearly expect a leadership role of Bangladesh in the climate change negotiation.   Bangladesh should be very much active and vocal in this regard.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury said, Bangladesh negotiation team has some meritorious and skilled government officers, but there was clear lack of political guidance, which in turn weakened Bangladeshi’s position in the conference.   We think climate change issue is not an issue of the ministry of Environment and forest, rather like Philippine, we demand an independent Climate Change Commission in this regard. At least we demand the Prime Minister to lead the climate negotiation process. Last edited: April 2, 2017
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Marrakech 17 November 2016. Today, just one day before of the conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference, civil society rights group representing LDCs and MVCs have organized a press conference is CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference at press conference room Dakhla, they expressed dismay on possible conclusion of CoP 22 Marrakech climate conference.  In their groups position paper, they said that US president elect Donald Trump’s possible threats on possible pull out from Paris Agreement (PA), the climate multilateral deal, indecisions of developed countries in respect of enhancing mitigation ambitions, very little or no commitment in respect of financing especially for adaptation and mitigation of loss and damages, finally inaction in respect of climate induced displacement from this conference will lead to and aggravate climate genocide in LDCs and MVCs.

They cite examples from a recent (14th Nov 2016) World Bank and Global Facility of Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)’s released report that, there will be 26 million new poor individuals and a loss of $520 billion worth of asset and services annually due to natural disasters. The press conference was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD Bangladesh, other speakers of the press conference was Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, Azeb Girmi from ENDA Ethiopia and LDC Watch Brussels, and Justine Ginnetti of IDMC (International Displacement Monitoring Center), Geneva.

Ziaul Haque Mukta of CSRL Bangladesh, insisted to fix the temperature pick year for the three different set of countries which is for developed countries 2020, for developing countries 2025 and for the least developed countries the picking year should be 2035. He express hoped that Facilitative Dialogue 2018 should  pave the process in this regard to raise mitigation ambition high even before 2023, otherwise the earth will face inevitable raise in temperature level of 3.4 degree Celsius, which will result is much more climate catastrophes especially for LDCs and MVCs. Azeb Girmi form ENDA Etheopia and LDC Watch said that pre 2020 road map for $100 billion commitment is still not clear, she demand there should clear road map on this for pre and post 2020 situation, she also demand separate fund for Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) in respect of loss and damage. Justine Ginneti of IDMC Geneva mentioned that there are 172.3 million disaster related displacement since 2008, 21.5 millions in each year and 58 thousand displacements in a day. Rezaul Karim Chowdury of EquityBD said that more funding in respect of adaptation may help to reduce displacement and disaster related death, but all above displacement require a political decision in view of human rights and justice framework. Last Edited: April 2, 2017

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index11th November Marrakech : Today in Marrakech Climate Conference in conference room Bering global civil society leaders in seminar title “Climate Displacement : Protecting and Promoting Rights of the Climate Migrants” urged for new political policy regimes to protect and promote the human rights of climate induced displaced people. The side event seminar was jointly organized by Action Aid (AA) International, Asia People Movement of Debt and Development (APMDD) , Climate Action Network South Asia (CAN South Asia) , Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (COAST), Friends of the Earth International (FOEI) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury COAST and Lidy Nacpil APMDD. Presentation panel speakers of the seminar was Sanjay Vashist CAN South Asia, Azeb Girmi LDC Watch, Rita Uwaka FOEI East Africa, Harjeet Singh Action Aid, Nina M Birkeland NRC. The respondent panel speakers was Dr Kamal Uddin Ahmed Secretary Ministry of Environment and Forest of Bangladesh, Atle Soleberg of Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) an state lead initiative, Marine Frank of UNHCR (United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees), Benjamin Schechter of United Nations Human Rights (UNHR), and Asad Rehman of EoEI.
Sanjay Vashist the Director CAN South Asia presented key findings of a study recently done by them jointly with Action Aid International, they found increasing nature of climate displacement and migration in South Asia, impact on women is severe, which is creating tensions among the community and imbalance competition in already scarce basic services. Rita Uwaka EOEI East Africa given references of several studies from Afirca how the displacement is increasing and the situation is also complicated by the displacements due to development projects. Azeb Girmi LDC Watch from Ethiopia express her dismay on inaction of UNFCCC process on the issue that it was not explicit in Paris Agreement, she demanded new protocol to protect the climate migrants with a protocol like 1951 UN Refugee convention. Harjeet Singh of AA said that states especially most vulnerable countries must give effort to include the issue in Warsaw Implementation Mechanism (WIM) in reference to Doha decision.
Dr Kamal Secretary from Bangladesh said, although Bangladesh is trying best to protect the climate displacement, but the problem is so huge especially for 39 million coastal populations, its require global support to protect their human rights. Nina M Birkeland of NRC said that the responsibility of climate displacement should not only be laid with WIM only, it should be an important issue in UNFCCC process too. She urged for policy coherence on the issues with SDGs, Sendai Frame Work, UN Global compact on refugee and migration and WHS (World Humanitarian Summit) process. Atle Solebarg of PDD mentioned that PDD has identified set of tools on protection measures in respect of climate displacement in cross boarder level, states can use it. Marine Frank of UNHCR said that UNHCR acknowledge the issue and working with other agencies. Benjamin Schechter of UNHR said that, international community response is not enough in this regard, there must be a policy regime. Asad Rehman of FOEI said that climate migrants deserve political solution.

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indexMarrakech 8 November 2016. Today civil society right groups representing Most Vulnerable Countries (MVC) and Least Developed Countries (LDC) in a press conference is UNFCCC (United Nation Framework on Climate Change Convention) CoP 22 (Conference of Parties), Media Centre in Marrakech climate conference have urged country delegates to decide the Temperature Peaking Year, which has been stated in the Paris agreement “as soon as possible” to save the mother earth. The press conference was moderated by Ziaul Haque Mukta CSRL (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood), on behalf of the group  key note position paper was read out by Shamind Neelormi of CSRL, Sanjay Vahsist of Climate Action Network (CAN) South Asia and Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD).

The group said that, present trend of NDC (nationally determined contribution) will lead to rise in the global temperature by 3.5 degree Celsius and above which is much above the set temperature of 2 degree Celsius or well below toward 1.5 degree Celsius, as agreed in Paris agreement, will lead to much more catastrophes for the MVC and LDCs as said by Sanjay Vahsist of CAN South Asia. He urged state parties to raise NDCs of the countries especially of developed countries.

While presenting group position paper Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL said that the term in respect of peaking year which has been stated in Paris agreement as soon as possible” should be specified in view of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities (CBDRC). The group proposed that the “Temperature Peaking Year” should be set for developed countries on 2020; Developing high emitting countries (like for China and India) should be on 2025 and for Developing countries which includes MVCs and LDCs should be 2035.

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD has said that, Marrakech climate conference has to deliver in respect of Loss and Damage discourse especially there should be a work plan from Warsaw Implementation Mechanism (WIM). He said that to recuperate loss and damage due to climate change there should be additional financing in this regard. He also urged that there must be scope of integration of work on climate induced displacement in WIM process.

Ziaul Haque Mukta the moderator of the press conference said that, Marrakech must deliver a predictable road map in respect of much committed $100 billion climate finance from 2020 and also financing road map until 2020, which must be additional to other development assistance to the developing countries, and there must be well balanced allocation i.e. should be 50: 50 for mitigation and adaptation. Last Edited: April 2, 2017

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index_5316Dhaka, 27th October 2016. Today eight civil society organizations has organized a seminar title “CoP 22 Global Climate Conference: Proposal from Civil Society on Behalf of Most Vulnerable Population” on the of eve of global climate conference to be held in Marrakech, Morocco during 7 to 18 November 2016. On behalf of Bangladesh government Dr Hasan Mahmud MP, Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoE&F) announced in the seminar that “Climate Induced Migrants issue will get top priority in Marrakech climate conference. He was the Chair of the seminar while Minister MoE&F Mr. Anwar Hossain Monju MP was there as the Chief Guest. The seminar was moderated by Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD. On behalf of the group key note presentation was given Sharmind Neelormi of CSRL, other speakers are Md Ziaul Haque Director, Department of Environment, Dr. Nilufar Banu, BUP, Mr. Qumrul Islam Chowdhury of FEJB, Mr.Kawser Rahman of BCJF and Mr. Mojahidul Islam Noyan of Oxfam. Eight organization who organize the seminar were BAPA, BCJF, BIPNetCCBD, CDP, CSRL, EquityBD and FEJB.
On behalf of the group Ms Sharmind Neelormi proposed key five demands, which are (i) Bangladesh government should follow an inclusive and a transparent process in international negotiation, (ii) Government must keep pressure especially on developed and advance developed countries to raise their ambition in respect of mitigation target, (iii) There must be all grants in respect of climate finance and which should be additional to all other assistance to developing countries,, (vi) Climate induced migrants issue should be the key issue in respect of negotiation in Loss and Damage discourse, and (v) Global adaptation goal should have priority to the need of most vulnerable countries.
Minister Anwar Husain Monju MP said that government and civil society should work together for country interest in Marrakech conference. Chairman Parliamentary Standing Committee on MoE&F Dr Hasan Mahmud MP said that Government policy is to give highest priority on climate induced migrant issue in this conference. He also said that government is not in favor of any loan or any commercial attitude in climate finance, as Bangladesh is not at all responsible in climate catastrophes, so Bangladesh position is to demand compensation in this regard. He also said Bangladesh government will also raise the issue of setting picking year in respect of temperature and mitigation. Rezaul Karim Chowdhury of EquityBD the moderator of the seminar mentioned that, Government provide access to civil society in the total negotiation process both in country and abroad too.
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